- Toxicosis, how to deal with it
- How to cope with toxicosis
- How to survive toxemia
If the symptoms of early toxicosis can be reduced and even completely eliminated at home, then late toxicosis is dangerous. In late toxicosis, pronounced signs of pathology are observed: swelling of the legs, arms, face, rapid weight gain, and increased blood pressure. In these cases, urgent medical intervention and hospital care are required.
To be or not to be toxic depends primarily on the state of health of the woman. Chronic diseases, increased nervous irritability, intoxication, nicotine and alcohol dependence, metabolic disorders - this is only an exemplary list of factors that provoke the emergence of toxicosis.
The manifestation of signs of toxemia can occur already in the first weeks after conception. This is an early toxicosis, the main indicators of which are nausea and vomiting. Depending on the frequency of emetic urges, there are three degrees of early toxicosis - mild, moderate and severe. With vomiting up to 4–5 times a day, a mild degree is determined, up to 10 times - medium, with 25 or more - severe. Moderate and severe toxicosis is dangerous for both the expectant mother and the baby. In this case, you need to seek help from a specialist.
Early toxicosis is sometimes accompanied by abundant salivation, which can cause dehydration. In this case, you need a lot of liquid: you need to drink often, but in small portions. To reduce salivation, rinses with chamomile, sage and oak bark infusions will help, which have an astringent effect on the oral mucosa.
If the biochemical analyzes of a pregnant woman are within the normal range, but nausea, vomiting, aversion to food remain, it is necessary, first of all, to provide psychological comfort, normal rest, sleep. There are medications prescribed by a doctor to reduce vomiting. Insomnia, irritability - these are also signs of toxicosis, which can be eliminated with the help of soothing preparations of mild exposure. Without the advice of a doctor, you can drink the tincture of valerian and motherwort.
It is important to remember that taking any medication, especially in the first weeks of pregnancy, can have an adverse effect on the fetus. Therefore, no amateur, follow the strict advice of the attending physician.
But to help your body harmless ways to get rid of exhausting nausea can be. It is only important to observe some restrictions.
Nutrition and exercise during early toxicosis
The main principle of treatment - do no harm. And for a pregnant woman, the task is even more important - not to harm not only yourself, but also the unborn baby. It will help in this special and uncomplicated diet.
Meals should be multiple, every 2-3 hours, and not abundant. The menu should include: boiled meat, dairy products, vegetables and fruits, fish. Do not eat fried, spicy foods. It is not recommended to drink carbonated drinks and coffee, replace them with green tea and freshly squeezed juices. Chamomile, lemon balm and mint tea has a calming effect. In case of severe nausea, prepare pumpkin infusion: pour a few small pieces of pumpkin with boiling water and leave for about an hour.
Traditional medicine offers many natural recipes for herbs from toxemia. But herbs, due to compounds such as glucosides and alkaloids, may not be as harmless as they seem, and cause serious harm to health.
If any food causes vomiting, you can try a dry diet. No soup, sauces, tea sandwiches. Enough steep boiled eggs, crackers, biscuits, cheese. Vegetables and fruits are best consumed separately from the main food. Try not to make sudden movements after eating, and if you feel dizzy - lie down and breathe deeply.
In the morning, without getting out of bed, have a snack with a crouton, eat dried apricots, nuts, a small piece of hard cheese.
Chewing on a dry tea brew or a lemon slice sometimes helps to eliminate nausea.
Exercise during this period should be minimal, but this does not exclude the mandatory daily walks in the fresh air. Do not wrap up, overheating contributes to nausea.
Watch the state of the intestines. Regular cleansing removes toxins from the body. Eat dairy products, and even better cook yourself a live yogurt, yogurt. At night, eat a piece of boiled beets.
Listen to calm and melodic music. Look at the beautiful things. Enjoy your future baby. Your mental attitude has a direct effect on your physical condition. Recent studies in the field of color therapy have shown that a combination of blue and purple flowers provoke nausea. Even if this is your favorite combination, exclude it temporarily from your surroundings.
Toxicosis during pregnancy
In the first three months, systems and organs form in the fetus, causing the mother to undergo active hormonal changes. The formed adult organism regards the embryo at first as a foreign body, which should be controlled, so the woman develops toxicosis. Constant nausea and the urge to vomit overshadow the waiting period for a new man.
Toxicosis in early pregnancy is often associated with a psychological background. During this period, the woman subconsciously suppresses the fears associated with changing her life. Experts say that future moms can prevent nausea, vomiting, less often - itching if they know how to deal with toxemia. With regard to poor health in the later periods, his symptoms appear differently and must be taken into account.
In the early stages
Experts have noticed that girls with gastrointestinal, liver, and thyroid diseases who took alcohol before pregnancy and smokers are more likely to feel unwell. In the early stages, the following symptoms occur:
- increased salivation,
- nausea, vomiting,
- feeling unwell,
- dizziness, headache,
- excessive sleepiness,
- intolerance to certain products,
- heightened odor sensitivity.
How to deal with early toxicosis? This condition does not imply any intervention or drug therapy. Doctors advise the expectant mother to spend more time outdoors, relax, eat right to cope with nausea. If the condition brings severe discomfort, then you can turn to the doctors, but in no case do not take any medications yourself.
Late pregnancy has more serious complications that are dangerous for the baby and the woman. It has four stages of development with their inherent symptoms:
- Dropsy. The body accumulates water, which leads to edema. Because of this, body weight increases every week by 300-500 grams.
- Nephropathy. Edema provoke high pressure. At this stage, the expectant mother needs hospitalization and prescribing medications.
- Pre-eclampsia. It is characterized by high blood pressure, disruption of vital functions, protein in the urine, and visual impairment.
- Eclampsia. The most difficult stage, which sometimes leads to tragic consequences, if you do not know how to deal with late toxicosis. Pregnant during this period is under the supervision of doctors, to avoid pulmonary edema, cerebral hemorrhage, fetal death or the death of a woman.
When begins and when passes
Early toxicosis occurs at 5-6 weeks of an interesting situation, starting from the moment of conception. Sometimes he doesn’t show anything at all, so the girl may not be aware of the occurrence of pregnancy. The body is different for everyone, but if there are no deviations from the norm, then it is possible to get rid of the unpleasant state closer to the second trimester (12 week). In some women, it passes even earlier. Late toxicosis in pregnancy occurs after 28 weeks and can last until the moment of birth.
Why sick during pregnancy
The duration and frequency of toxemia is different for everyone, but the main reason for it is considered by experts to be the pathology of the regulatory neuroendocrine function, which is caused by CNS (central nervous system) intoxication. To provoke the onset of unpleasant symptoms, constant swallowing of the saliva secreted, which contains toxins in its composition. With the help of salivation and vomiting, the body tries to get rid of harmful substances.
How to relieve toxemia
To eliminate or reduce the symptoms of morning and evening toxicosis will help exclude from the daily diet of food with a sharp smell of garlic, onions, all sorts of seasonings. If you feel sick during pregnancy, it is not recommended to drink coffee and flavored teas. Avoid morning sickness will help a glass of still water and a toast, which you need to eat without getting out of bed.
Pills for nausea during pregnancy
Any therapeutic treatment is prescribed by the doctor, having individually analyzed the causes of toxicosis during pregnancy. You can escape from nausea and heartburn. After examining laboratory data, a gynecologist may prescribe medications that can eliminate unpleasant symptoms:
- enterosorbents: Polysorb, Polyphepan,
- antihistamines: Suprastin, Telfast,
- hepatoprotectors: Essentiale Forte,
- detoxification means: "Splenin".
By other means
What helps from toxicosis? It is easy to overcome nausea with toxicosis with the help of folk remedies. Relevant herbal teas that help digestion. Mint infusion, which is easy to prepare, will help to quickly relieve an indisposition during pregnancy: take 2 tbsp. l Mint leaves, brew a glass of boiling water, then leave for 20 minutes. Drink at the first sign of toxicosis.
Treat nausea is recommended cranberry juice, which should be drunk during the day. To prepare it, carefully grind 150 grams of cranberries, squeeze the juice, and pour the rest with boiling water. After 10 minutes, mix the juice and infusion, drink with honey and lemon. A piece of ginger helps to cope with nausea, which should be absorbed to get rid of toxemia.
What is in toxicosis
Nutrition during pregnancy verified by medical professionals. A standard diet is to be eaten in small portions every 3 hours. Eating should end at 18-19 hours, so as not to overload the stomach at night. The fight against the severe form of toxemia is made after contacting a specialist. At any time it is desirable to satisfy the food whims of the future mom, including:
- cool eggs
- baked potato,
- cottage cheese,
- vegetable puree,
- small amount of pickles.
I have toxicosis: step by step tips to eliminate the disease
If a pregnant woman has nausea and vomiting more than 3 times a day, her weight melts before her eyes, the desire to eat disappears, and “there is no more strength to hold on” means that the expectant mother is faced with manifestations of this very toxicosis. It can begin almost from the moment of the delay of menstruation, and last until the middle of the second trimester (16 weeks of pregnancy).
In most cases, women have a mild and moderate degree of toxicosis. They do not require medication and hospitalization. But try to get rid of toxemia and take measures to reduce the severity of symptoms is still worth it.
1. Adjust day mode
This is a point that requires attention in the first place - it affects the health of the organism as a whole. You should try to get enough sleep, spend less time at the computer monitor and watch TV. At least a pregnant woman needs at least 8 hours of night sleep, as well as at least 1-1.5 hours of day rest.
2. Reduce the operating voltage.
Stress and overstrain are among the causes of early toxicosis. Are you pregnant, but still working hard? Work day and night should remain in the past at the time of carrying a baby. Severe physical exertion, contact with hazardous / harmful substances may pose a threat to the normal course of pregnancy.
3. Climbing without sudden movements
After waking up, it is advisable to lie in bed for a while, eat a loaf or cookie to reduce the risk of nausea. Get up gradually, first sit down, sit for a minute or two, put your feet on the floor and then you can rise.
4. Organize your diet
But without self-abuse. If you woke up without an appetite, and you don’t have it all through the first half of the day, then you shouldn’t cram a missed breakfast. Try experimenting with portions and time between snacks. Fasting is just as bad as overeating. Remember to take fluids - with vomiting, you need to drink at least 2 liters per day, with normal health - at least 1.5 liters.
5. Monitor blood pressure
If you have low blood pressure during pregnancy, then toxicosis will probably haunt you. Get a tonometer and monitor your pressure during the day. If the blood pressure is not higher than 100/60 mm Hg, then drink a cup of black or green tea, or eat some dark chocolate.
What causes toxicosis?
Medicine has no definite answer as to why the early stage of pregnancy in expectant mothers is often overshadowed by toxicosis. There are only hypotheses, here are the four most common ones:
- Hormonal - A high content of "hormone in pregnancy" in the blood leads to the emergence of toxicosis. The level of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) is usually higher in mothers who have several babies under their hearts, but may also be abundant in mothers who are expecting one child. Estrogens, progesterone, and thyroid hormones can also affect toxicosis.
- Genetic - Some doctors suggest that the development of toxicity is responsible for a specific gene, moving on heredity. Therefore, while carrying a baby, you can ask mothers and grandmothers about how they were pregnant and whether the fight against toxemia bypassed them.
- Immunological - it so happens that the maternal organism perceives the fetal egg inside itself as foreign tissue, and begins to fight hard with it. But then the natural "mechanism" of preserving pregnancy is activated, counteracting the "attack" on the unborn child. All these processes inside the body of a woman lead to the so-called toxicosis,
- Psychosomatic - According to psychologists, poor health and toxicosis in a pregnant woman can be caused by a change in lifestyle, experiences, relationships with a partner, etc.
As well as a detailed response of the doctor about why toxicosis occurs in the early stages of pregnancy:
The severity of toxicity in pregnant women
Toxicosis can be considered a normal condition if it delivers discomfort in moderation. But sometimes he takes such strength that it is already a dangerous complication of pregnancy. How to determine the very "limit"? First of all, you should focus on the severity of nausea, vomiting, and well-being in general. Obstetricians and gynecologists distinguish three severity of toxicosis.
Toxicosis - Down! How to get rid of toxemia (first aid)
There are many ways to alleviate the condition of pregnant women with toxemia - you are not at all obliged to stoically endure your discomfort. We have collected the most popular of them, and it’s up to you to decide which is the most effective way.
So, here are some basic tips for how to deal with toxemia in the early stages.
At the first sign of nausea and odor intolerance:
- As soon as you feel that a “lump” has come to your throat and vomiting is approaching, drink half a glass of water in small sips. Water can be plain pure, or mineral, preferably a little cool. Avoid too sweet and highly carbonated drinks.
- If you feel dizzy and you feel the approach of fainting, immediately sit down and lower your head down. Sit in this position for 3-5 minutes.
- Well help to stop an emergency nausea attack small ice cubes - you need to dissolve them like lollipops.
- Make it a rule to keep a green apple, fresh lemon, ginger or something mint on hand. Sour apple will save from the attack of nausea, it is a natural antiemetic. A slice of ginger / lemon will help to cope with a long not passing nausea that occurs when rocking in transport or rising abruptly from a chair. Mint in candy or drink besides freshness and distracting action will have a sedative effect, calm the nerves.
- Pregnant women do not tolerate stuffy, so if possible, spend more time in the fresh air, often ventilate the room, in the heat, use a fan or air conditioning.
- Sometimes with toxemia with nausea, there is abundant salivation (due to gastric cramps). Rinsing the mouth with cold water will help to cope with this symptom. If salivation occurs frequently, then prepare in a thermos a decoction of pharmaceutical herbs: sage, chamomile or mint, and carry out the rinse procedure with them.
- Hot foods cause nausea, so eat warm or slightly chilled foods for the time of toxemia. When cooking, turn on the hood and do not spend much time standing up - cook better sitting.
Как облегчить токсикоз (опыт мамы – видео):
Народные средства лечения токсикоза
When all known methods of getting rid of toxemia are exhausted, popular advice, proven over the years, comes to the rescue. Their use is completely safe - after all, there are only natural ingredients in the composition, which, in addition to the healing effect, are rich in vitamins and minerals, and they will not be superfluous in the period of childbearing. Try it, suddenly one of the folk remedies for toxemia will be a good solution for you and help you to get rid of it forever.
What is toxicosis and why does it occur?
The main symptoms of early toxicosis are: nausea, dizziness, vomiting, irritability, weight loss, poor mood and drowsiness.
Of course, everything is very individual, someone can get by with one nausea, and constant vomiting can torture someone several times a day, which, of course, is unpleasant.
Most experts believe that this phenomenon can not be considered a disease, so it requires special treatment, except for proper nutrition and lifestyle.
But still, if you feel that every day your condition is getting worse, vomiting is only increasing in number, the weight has rapidly decreased, then immediately consult a doctor, because in rare cases it happens that without the intervention of specialists, you can’t cope .
Until now, experts have not agreed on the general opinion why toxicosis occurs in pregnant women. Some believe that this is a consequence of hormonal changes in the body: in the first 5-6 weeks the fetus, its organs and nervous system are actively formed.
At this time, the mother’s body was not yet accustomed to such a state, perceiving the fetus as a foreign body, trying to reject it in all ways, as a result of which the expectant mother constantly feels unwell and all the other symptoms.
Another theory explains this fact in a slightly different way: during the first 16 weeks, the placenta is actively formed along with the fetus, which helps it to eat and protects the baby from negative influences.
Until its full maturity, the female body is not protected from metabolic products that are released by the child, which causes intoxication. The most sensitive persons react to smells, taste of products and even sounds, perception changes, and it is rather difficult to influence this state.
Toxicosis can be dangerous?
It is considered normal if there is moderate vomiting: about 4-5 times a day. Usually this does not affect the child and weight loss, the mother's body can continue normal functioning.
It is much more dangerous if vomiting develops into its average degree - about 10 times a day, usually in such a state a woman loses weight and dehydration can occur, which is dangerous for the fetus.
In such cases, urgent hospitalization is necessary. But such situations are very rare, so there is no need to cheat yourself like that once more, because do not forget, toxicosis can be your psychological fabrication!
How to deal with nausea during pregnancy: drugs and folk remedies
Most experts and doctors in this field recommend to overcome themselves and try to endure the first signs of toxemia. If nausea and vomiting do not give rest at all, then you need to try to take action.
Firstly, a pregnant woman should remember that a violation of the daily regimen and stressful situations can exacerbate the symptoms, so it is important to often walk, sleep as much as you want. If you work, take a day off, have a good sleep and lie down.
It is important to remember that eating the right and healthy foods also reduces the symptoms of such an unpleasant phenomenon.
Here, the mechanism of the female body is happy to help, he indicates to the future mom what he wants more, and most importantly, what he lacks. Usually, pregnant women have a disgust at all harm: alcohol, nicotine smell and coffee.
In order to somehow fight nausea, try to choose a fruit or odor that will reduce nausea by its smell or taste, for example, it can be lemon, salted vegetables or aromatic oils.
When you decide on code, always carry it with you and, in which case, use it. Do not forget, as much as possible to drink, black tea can be replaced with fresh water with lemon juice, vegetable broth also sometimes helps.
If signs of toxemia especially interfere in the morning, then there is a proven way: do not jump out of bed as soon as you wake up. Before getting up, drink a cup of tea or eat a slice of bread, a cracker or a banana, lie down for a bit more, and only then get up. Another famous folk remedy is the absorption of a tablespoon of honey.
In extreme cases, you can use special preparations, they usually are of plant origin and do not have time for the expectant mother and child. Before you decide on such a step, be sure to consult with your doctor, it is quite that he will prescribe you something else.