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Proper care of the dragon plant at home

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How to care for the dragon plant at home? This plant does not require unusual conditions of detention. Despite the fact that it comes from tropical forests, with proper care it grows well and develops in our climate. Naturally, in the house, not on the street. And even the brutal dry air in a room with central heating can not harm it. But, only with the right attitude.

In principle, even the most inexperienced room florist is quite capable of containing a dragon flower. You just have to follow a few simple conditions.

Dracaena is very unpretentious to the composition of the soil. You can say the rougher the better. After buying a plant in a store, it must be transplanted. As a rule, the flowers are in the transport ground, which is not very suitable for full development. Therefore, they either buy specialized soil for palm trees or dratsen, or make up the soil mixture themselves. Moreover, it is not difficult to do this.

It is necessary to take in equal parts clean sand, peat and rough turfy ground. Mix thoroughly and shed strong solution of potassium permanganate. A day after cultivation, the earth is ready to embrace the plant.

Transplant features

Which pot to take? The size of the pot is very easy to determine. For every 15 cm stem should be 5 cm diameter capacity. That is, if your dracaena is 60 cm high, then the diameter of the pot should be at least 20 cm. The material does not matter. Dracaena feels great in plastic and ceramics. Again, clay is still preferable. It has enough weight so that the flower does not tumble.

When transplanted dracaena

You can repot the plant all year round. But we recommend doing it around the end of winter. With the onset of spring, the dracaena begins an active phase of growth, and it is better not to disturb her at this time.

Young plants need to be transplanted once a year, adults - less. Oriented to the roots. As soon as they become visible above the surface of the soil, then it is time.

The least traumatic root system is the transshipment of a fully earthen coma. If your flower is already too large for transplanting, then just replace the top 7 cm of the earth with fresh one once a year. Just be careful not to damage the roots.

We water dracaena

This plant is very fond of water. But does not like to swim in it. Therefore, the drainage need such a thickness. Proper planting ensures a good outflow of excess fluid from the root system.

The best thing is to put a pot of dragon fruit in a wide pan. Peat, moss or expanded clay are put into it. All liquid that drains from the pot will be absorbed into these materials. Then it will gradually evaporate, creating the necessary level of moisture around the flower.

In general, it is advisable to spray the plant more often right on the crown of lukewarm distilled water. This will prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out.

When and how much water dracaena? In winter, rarely, in the summer more often. The exact schedule is difficult to make. It all depends on the conditions and size of the plant. Usually decided to focus on the dryness of the earthy coma. As soon as the top 2-2.5 cm dry up, it is necessary to water it. It is strictly forbidden to overdry the soil. Dracaena can not stand it and die. It is better to pour a little more and after 15 minutes to drain the excess liquid from the pan, than underfill and destroy the flower.

Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. If it is poured from the tap, then it is recommended to let it stand at least 12 hours. Then boil and cool. Instead of boiling, you can freeze the liquid in the freezer.

Only without fail, after each preparatory procedure, water is drained from the sediment. If this is not done, then very soon a white patina will appear on the surface of the soil in the pot. These are deposits of hard salts, which are not at all beneficial for the dracaena.

Air temperature

Dracaena loves warmth, but does not tolerate heat at all. The most optimal conditions of maintenance vary in the temperature range from +18 to + 26 ° С during the period of active growth. This is approximately from the second decade of March to the second decade of October.

During a distinct rest period, the plant requires different temperatures. It is from +14 to + 16 ° С. If you do not provide such conditions, then neotdnakhnaya dracaena can not fully grow and develop in the summer. She just does not have enough strength.

By the way, if the temperature of the content drops below + 11 ° C, the probability of disease outbreaks is high at any time. Perhaps even the appearance of rot and dropping leaves. This feature should be considered.

A lot of light for dracaena - this is very good. But only scattered. Direct sunlight literally burns spots on the leaves. And when there is a lack of lighting, the shoots grow stunted and thin, the leaves turn pale and hang rags.

If the plant is on the windowsill, then pritenuyut his light blinds, white paper, light curtain. If on the table or nightstand next to the window, then additional shadowing is not required. At the same time, good lighting should be year round. That is, during the winter holidays too.

When artificially illuminated dracaena feels great. Only this should be special fitolampy for plants. They give the right amount of ultraviolet light without burning the crown with a high temperature glow.

Shaping

Often dracenum is grown in winter gardens or offices. Because it grows up to 3.5 meters in height. But if you do not engage in the formation of the plant, the spectacle will bring few aesthetically pleasant moments. A long, bare trunk with a tuft of leaves at the crown.

Much more beautiful looks like a small trunk with several shoots. In this case, it turns out very lush crown that always looks great.

How to achieve such a result, if dracaena pulls up? By itself, she will not release side shoots. We'll have to sacrifice a smart hat. For this you will need:

  • sharp sterile knife
  • garden pitch or crushed activated charcoal tablet

The cut is made at a level of about 6-7 cm below the first sheet. That is, in the hands should remain the top with a short handle. And in the pot - one stem without leaves. No pity, it will be better. Just look strictly to make the cut perfectly smooth. Even the tiniest tinkers provoke decay. Wound sprinkled with coal or covered with a pitch.

After some time, buds will swell on the trunk and young shoots will appear. By the way, the top is not thrown away. It can try to root under cover in the soil or even just in the water. Only be sure to cut the dip in the root stimulator. So the process will go much faster.

The danger of forming is that a new escape may appear only one. Then the shaping procedure will have to be carried out again after some time. By the way, if the young shoots cut off the tops, then in the end you can get a beautiful tree with a lush crown. Only be sure to give the plant to move away from the previous injury. For some time they even help: they water it with a solution of any adaptogen. This may be epin, zircon and other biological agents.

Council Begin to form a plant when the height of the main stem reaches at least 28 cm.

In the Russian climate, there are no insects that love the dragon plant. But there are a couple of omnivorous pests that even cacti are capable of. It is a spider mite and a scythe. They often settle on the plant, if the microclimate around the dry and hot. Under normal humidity, they do not appear. But, if such an attack overpowered the plant, then he would have to arrange an alkaline or potassium shower for him.

To do this, tightly wrap the pot with polyethylene, cling film, foil. Put it in a basin or bath. Then generously washed crown with a solution of household or potash soap. After 15 minutes, rinse with warm weak stream of clean water.

If such a procedure did not bring improvement, then you will have to use any systemic insecticide.

In general, dracaena is not particularly susceptible to disease. Often, they occur only when coincident provocative factors. It can be:

  • excessively high or low air temperature
  • stagnant water in the pan or pot
  • constant drafts
  • low humidity microclimate near the pot

If these problems are eliminated, diseases can be avoided. The first sign is most often the appearance of the leaves. They begin to dry up the tips, there are yellow, brown spots, which then turn black. Bulk opade foliage signals a strong defeat dracaena. It is urgent to identify the cause and save the plant.

At the same time, periodic yellowing of 2-3 lower leaflets is a natural norm. The old ones are dying off, the young ones are growing up, everything, as was introduced by nature. In general, the average life of a leaf in good conditions is about 2.5 years. If yellowness is disgusting, you can simply cut the leaf to a healthy tissue. Anyway, he will gradually die and fall off.

During the period of active growth, the flower must be regularly fed. It can be any mineral or organic fertilizer. Dracaena is omnivorous, and gratefully responds to any treats.

It is important not to overdo it. Once every 3 weeks will be quite enough. And do not exceed the dosage specified by the manufacturer. More benefit from this will not work. But the burning of small feeding roots - easily.

Useful tips

  1. In the summer you can make dracaena breathe on the street or balcony. Only cover from strong winds and drafts. She feels great in the garden, under a slight shading.
  2. Over time, a lot of dust and dirt accumulate on the leaves. Young plant is easy to wipe with a damp soft cloth. Well, an adult tree perfectly tolerates a regular warm shower. And do not have to rub each leaf.
  3. Adopted for greater beauty, sprinkle the top layer of soil in a pot with small pebbles or gravel. We do not recommend this, because the root system must breathe freely. And the pebbles partially interfere with the evaporation of excess moisture.

How to care for the dragon plant at home? As can be seen from the text, it is not difficult at all. Simple observance of elementary rules, a little bit competent care and more love. Dracaena will appreciate the efforts and will delight you with a beautiful exotic look.

Primary requirements

The main distinctive feature of the dracaena is a rosette of striped or green leaves on top. A prominent feature can also be considered transverse stripes on the stems.

In order for the plant to please its owners with a well-groomed look for long years, it needs to create the right conditions. Soil acidity should be neutral. This indicator can be checked using indicator strips. You can also buy a primer with the right pH in a flower shop. The following proportions can be used to prepare the substrate: 3 parts of garden soil, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of sand. You can also use a mixture of sand, humus soil and peat. For growing plants fit any stable pot. The container for landing dracaena in height should reach 25 cm, and in diameter - 20 cm.

Temperature, humidity and light requirements

How to grow dragon flower? Caring for this heat-loving plant provides for keeping heat at a temperature of 19 to 25 degrees. In a cold room, the plant may simply die. You also need to monitor the level of humidity. Dry air can adversely affect dramatic growth. As a rule, the plant develops well in partial shade. But development in such conditions will be a bit slow. Variegated varieties require more light. The best option is to put the dracaena near the window, oriented to the west or east. If they go to the south, the plant is better protected from the direct rays of the sun.

How to water?

Many housewives are interested in such a flower as dracaena. Care at home for this plant provides for regular watering. The optimal interval is in a day. It is unacceptable that the soil in the pot becomes dry. In addition to watering, dracaenum also requires frequent spraying with settled water. In summer, the flower is irrigated daily. Dust may accumulate on the leaves. In this case, it is recommended to use a cotton swab or cloth.

Fertilizer and dressing

Care of the dragonsea provides regular meals with nutrients. Usually this procedure is carried out twice a month. You can alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. The nutrient composition is usually added to water for irrigation. Dracaena are highly sensitive to chlorine and fluorine. Therefore, it is better to select fertilizers that do not contain these elements. Chlorinated water is not recommended for irrigation.

How to properly transplant

What other procedures may require indoor dracaena? Care must include a transplant. When the plant becomes crowded in the old tub, it must be placed in a more spacious pot. The flower is extracted very carefully, along with the root ball. The bottom of the new tank is pre-prepared. For this purpose, gravel, ceramic fragments or pieces of foam are laid on it.

Here is an approximate order of actions that must be performed during plant transplantation:

  1. Top drainage is covered with a layer of washed sand and part of the previously prepared soil.
  2. Rootball set in the pot. On the sides you can fill the soil.
  3. The land is well watered.
  4. Substrate needs to be added. To the upper edge should remain 1.5 cm.
  5. At the final stage, the soil should be compacted and sprinkled with a layer of peat.

Before reaching the age of three years, the dracaena should be replanted every year. Then the procedure can be performed less frequently. At the same time, experts recommend once a year to change the top layer of earth in a pot.

How to care for dracaena in winter?

What else should know those who are interested in dracaena? Care at home, photos of adult plants, requirements for conditions in the cold season - this information is usually required by potential owners of this flower. As for the maintenance of the flower in winter, in a warm room it will be the same as in summer. Best of all, he will endure cold at a temperature of 15 degrees. The number of sprays and waterings should be reduced to once every seven days. If the air in the room is too dry and warm, then the frequency of irrigation can be increased. In winter and autumn, the plant does not require additional feeding.

Breeding

How does dracaena grow? Home care and reproduction do not involve any complicated labor-intensive processes. As a material for grafting, branches extending from the central stem are quite suitable. The main thing - to separate the 12 cm tops. The remainder is cut into 7 cm cuttings. On the mother plant, the cut is treated with ashes and crushed charcoal. In the future, this place may appear new shoots.

The resulting cuttings should be rooted in a glass of water or a pot of wet sand. On the cut top, the leaves are shortened, leaving 5-7 cm. The air temperature in the room should not fall below 20 degrees. You can also cover the cuttings with a film on top. It is necessary to remove it every day in order to spray the substrate or air it. After 3-4 weeks rooting will occur, and after a couple of months you will be able to see new shoots. They can be divided and transplanted into different containers.

What else should I know about breeding dracaena and care at home? Propagation by seed is usually used exclusively by specialists. If you still manage to buy them, then before planting you must soak in warm water. Five days later, the seeds can be sown in moist soil. It is best to plant them in plastic boxes with lids or miniature greenhouses. They sprout long enough.

Growing problems

What problems can be associated with breeding a flower like dracaena? Care at home, reproduction and conditions of normal development are quite simple and do not require special training. However, some difficulties in the process of cultivation still arise.

In a dry room, the leaves of the plant may turn yellow and fall off. Another possible cause of this phenomenon may be cold air and draft. In a month, under normal conditions, the plant can lose a couple of sheets. Improperly selected fertilizers or the presence of fluoride in water can lead to brown and yellow spots. If the plant looks sick, it should be removed from the pot. Damaged and decayed roots are removed. Further dragon season can be transplanted. The plant after this process requires moderate watering and regular irrigation.

The cause of burns can be the sun's rays. In this case, it is better to choose another place for the flower. When brown spots appear at the ends of the leaves, increase the amount of water during watering. Ensure that the soil in the pot is always slightly moist. Excessive watering can also have negative consequences. In combination with a decrease in temperature, it can lead to the complete destruction of the plant.

Diseases and pests

Caring for the dragonza must also include the fight against diseases. This plant is rarely attacked by pests. Но многие современные сорта все же имеют высокую чувствительность к ряду инфекций. Так, при грибковом поражении может наблюдаться загнивание корней и основания стебля.The formation of black and red spots on the leaves can be a consequence of a disease such as fusarium. In this case, the plant must be treated with biofungicide, and the soil with a solution of wood ash.

If white threads appeared at the base of the leaves, then most likely the plant was attacked by a spider mite. In this case, the plant should be wiped with a cloth moistened with a solution of soap, and then rinsed under a warm shower. If there is a defeat for mealybugs, the dragonflower should also be treated with soapy water. After that, the flower is sprayed with pyrethrin-containing insecticide.

Dracaena: species

Dracaena is considered an exotic plant. This flower will easily fit into the interior of a living room or office. There are several varieties of this plant. Bordered dracaena, or Marginata, has a rosette of thin leaves. With a good plant, the flower retains its decorative qualities for a long time. This type requires good lighting. For varieties Colorama characteristic pronounced crimson hue. Dracaena Bicolor is characterized by a spectacular combination of green and pink flowers. This variety also needs good lighting and frequent spraying. View Fragrang, or fragrant dracaena, is characterized by glossy leaves in the form of a lancet. There are still varieties with two-color and tricolor leaves.

Conclusion

Dracaena is very popular with home gardeners. The plant will harmonize well with Dieffenbachia, variegated varieties of chlorophytum. Care of dragon season does not cause any difficulties. The main thing - to choose a well-lit place. The plant requires regular watering and irrigation. Also, to preserve a thick rosette of leaves, experts recommend washing the dracaena with warm water from time to time. When buying a flower, pay attention to the leaves. The main thing is that their ends are not dry. Healthy dracaena with proper care can maintain their decorative qualities up to ten years.

Requirements for soil and pot

For a plant to enjoy its well-groomed appearance for a long time, it initially needs to create good conditions. The substrate should be neutral (pH about 6). You can check the acidity of existing soil with the help of indicator strips or buy soil with the specified pH value. Prepare the substrate for planting from three parts of ordinary garden soil, two parts of peat, one part of sand. Or use a mixture of peat, humus soil and sand (2: 1: 1).

The pot or container must be stable. The height of the container for planting drapesy 50–80 cm tall is 25 cm, diameter is 20 cm. A drainage layer is absolutely necessary at the bottom of the pot, because the roots need good ventilation.

Temperature, humidity and lighting

Dracaena is a heat-loving plant. The temperature in the room in summer should be in the range of 19–25 ° C. If the room is cold, the dracaena does not grow and may die. Dry air is also harmful, it is necessary to create humidity above 50%.

Important! Dragonflies, as a rule, develop well in partial shade, but grow more slowly in such conditions. There are some differences in the requirements for light in varieties with green and variegated leaves.

If a flower pot is placed far from a window or a lamp, then the drapes have a curve in their tops. The variegated forms require more light, windows of east and west orientation are needed. The plant on the south window should be protected from direct sunlight at noon.

What kind of hydration is required dratzen?

  • regular watering without water stagnation in the pan,
  • frequent spraying with soft, settled water,
  • constantly wet, but not wet soil.

Proper care for the dracaena at home provides for the daily spraying of leaves in the summer. Often dust remains even after regular washing. Then you have to wipe the leaves with a soft damp cloth or cotton pad.

Top dressing and fertilizer

It is recommended to feed dracaena in the summer once every two weeks. It is advisable to alternate between mineral and organic fertilizers, dissolve and add to water for irrigation. Drafts are sensitive to the content of fluorine and chlorine, so you need to choose fertilizers without these elements. Also, do not use chlorinated or fluorinated water for irrigation.

This is a very important procedure, on the success of which depends on the decorative appearance of the adult dracaena. It is necessary to carefully remove the plant with the root ball from the old pot. At the bottom of a new, higher capacity, suitable drainage material should be laid (ceramic shards, gravel, expanded clay or foam pieces).

How to perform transplant and transshipment dratsy:

  1. On top of the drainage layer poured washed sand and part of the prepared soil.
  2. Install the root ball and fill the soil on the sides.
  3. Water the land in a pot.
  4. Add substrate, leaving 1.5 cm to the top edge.
  5. Condense the soil, sprinkle with a thin layer of peat on top.

Dratsenu transplanted annually to the age of three. In the future, the procedure can be performed less frequently, and once a year, only change the top layer in the pot to fresh soil.

Winter care

The requirements for conditions in winter in a warm room are almost the same as in summer. However, a room with a temperature of 15 ° C is more suitable. At the same time, the number of irrigations and sprays is reduced to once a week. If the room is warm and dry, the dragon flower is watered twice a week. In the fall and winter, the plant does not need additional feeding.

Care for dragon season at home

The rules are very simple. Since the plant came to us from Africa, it does not like strong watering. How to grow dragonflower at home? It is recommended to moisten the soil only twice a month. The plant loves light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight, feels great in partial shade. In the summer it is better to take it to the balcony, avoiding drafts. Instead of watering is allowed to spray the leaves or sprinkle them under the shower. Fertilizing is desirable in spring and summer. A transplant is needed in two years.

The main problem with growing associated with leaves. Greens easily lose their decorative qualities. First, the ends of the leaves dry at the dracaena, then it turns yellow completely. The flower quickly dies. Why do dracaena leaves turn yellow? Most likely the plant has problems with roots that are flooded with water. This happens for several reasons:

  • large pot size,
  • frequent watering
  • fluid retention in the pan,
  • unstable watering: then dry, then pour,
  • not enough light
  • The pot for dracaena is small, the roots are in the drainage.

Do not wait for the plant to turn yellow. As soon as dry ends of leaves appear in dracaena, it is advisable to transplant. This will save the plant from death. The dragon transplant at home is important for her to grow better. Planting technology is simple:

  1. Get a flower from the pot.
  2. Remove diseased roots.
  3. Put in a high drainage pot.
  4. Replace the earth.
  5. Roots sprinkle roots.
  6. To plant.
  7. Spill fungicides against diseases.
  8. Properly watered.

The most popular and frequently encountered variety is Marginata. It is also called: dracaena bordered, or dragon tree. It resembles a small palm tree, although with proper care it grows up to 2.5 meters. The tree trunk is lined with graceful, long, thin leaves. Growing a flower is simple. Due to the abundant green mass, the plant moisturizes and cleans the air. It grows almost everywhere: at home, in offices, public places. One of the varieties of the flower - red-bordered, or bicolor - has red-green leaves. See how the variety looks in the photo.

How to care for dragon plant Marginata? There are no special difficulties. The flower can not be poured, but it is recommended that the leaves are constantly moistened. It is necessary to avoid bright light and drafts. After purchase, it is desirable to transplant it into a new pot, replacing the ground. Shop flowers are planted in peat soil that holds water. The pot is chosen according to the size of the root part. Be sure to put a large layer of drainage on the bottom. By observing these simple conditions, you will grow a healthy plant that will bring you much joy. This kind of flower is very popular, as in this photo.

At the beginning of growth, this species resembles a bush, only then it becomes a single-stemmed plant. Only the variety Dracaena Mix grows completely without a trunk. The flower is very unpretentious, grows slowly, but reaches a height of one and a half meters. True, one of the varieties - Serprayz - grows only by 20 centimeters. The leaves of the plant are long and wide, often green, but there are varieties with stripes of white and yellow. The reproduction of the flower occurs by cuttings that grow during the month. It is advisable to replant this species once a year.

A fragrant dracaena, one of its varieties called Compacta, grows in a dense bundle of bright green leaves. There are types of strips of silver-gray color, the height capable of reaching two meters. The peculiarity of this plant is that in spring white flowers appear with a strong pleasant aroma that bloom in the evening and fall in the morning. Blossoms for two weeks. See how this miracle looks.

The famous “bamboo of happiness” - dracaena Sander - has twisted shoots with green leaves. They give a decorative form, arching the trunk with the help of wire. The plant is grown in pots or hydrogel. This flower, according to beliefs, brings happiness, so it is given on birthdays. Domestic "pet" is a huge success with fans of Feng Shui. Reaches a height of up to a meter, but decorative trimming is often applied to it.

Care for dragon season in winter

In winter, the plant requires special treatment. At this time, the air in the room is overdried, so it is advisable to sprinkle the leaves periodically, water it with a warm shower. Since the flower stops growing in the winter, watering is limited, but it is important to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely. Since the day is short, it is better to put the plant on the window, avoiding direct sunlight. It is important to maintain the temperature in the room not lower than 11 degrees.

Video: how to care for the palm tree dragonza

Watch this video and you will clearly see what the correct care of this flower is. What are the peculiarities of cultivation, what loves and what absolutely does not tolerate. Learn what to do to make the palm tree happy for many years. Specify from the video how the plant relates to light and water, at what time it is necessary to produce top dressing. You will understand why the flower leaves the flower and whether it is dangerous.

Watering and humidity

The plant is quite moisture-loving, so watering should be abundant, but systematic. It is always better to overdry a plant slightly than pour it over and rot it.

The intensity of irrigation depends on the location of the flower, the volume of the pot, the composition of the soil and the season. In summer, watering dracaena should be ensured at least a couple of times a week, while daily spraying water at a temperature that is a couple of degrees above room temperature should be carried out daily.

In winter, when the air temperature is reduced to 12-15 degrees, watering should be reduced to once a week. Dracaena at this period "falls asleep." An exception is the case when it is located near the radiator. In this case, neither watering should be reduced, nor the number of sprays, as the dracaena should be watered when the temperature is high and often abundant.

Regardless of the time of year, water should not be allowed to stagnate in a pot - a plant does not tolerate such a relationship. But letting the soil dry out strongly should not be even in winter. As soon as the surface layer of the soil dries to three or better even two centimeters (no more), then it is time to water the flower. Before watering the surface layer of soil, make a sound, it will improve its breathability.

Spray leaves from both the inside and the outside, but always make sure that water does not accumulate, does not stagnate in the place of the junction of the leaf with the stem - this can cause rotting. Periodically, you can wipe dracenas with a damp cloth, from time to time arrange a full-fledged warm shower that will wash all the dust accumulated on the leaves, dirt, and also refresh the plant.

It is better to use filtered water for irrigation, but if there is no such possibility, then tap water should be defended for at least twelve hours, for better purification it should also be boiled.

During the period of intensive growth (that is, from the beginning of April to the beginning of September) the dracenum is fed with fertilizers. They do this using special mineral dressings, their frequency is usually indicated in the instructions for use. This is usually every couple of weeks. Fertilizers need to use specialized, integrated, which are sold in flower shops and are intended for indoor plants. Variegated varieties are better to feed with special fertilizers designed specifically for variegated plants.

Timely transfer is another guarantee of longevity of your room drayseny. Since this plant has a strongly expanding root system, it quickly becomes cramped in a pot. The plant that was just brought home from the store should also be moved to a new pot, but it is recommended not to do it immediately, but a month after the purchase.

Approximately calculate whether you need dratsena transplant, you can by the following parameters: for example, if the plant height is about half a meter in height, then he needs a pot no less than 20 cm in diameter. Comparing this proportion, you determine whether it is time for the plant to move to a new capacity. You can also proceed from the approximate data that a transplant should be performed every two or three years - it is during this time that the roots have time to grow well. But it is better not to proceed from generalized data, but to consider each case and each species separately, since it is necessary to transplant the dragon tree on time, without allowing excessive growth of the roots.

"Moving" is better to start in the spring, during the period of the most intensive growth, so the plant will take root better. When transplanting try not to damage the root system of the plant. Prepare the drainage system well in advance: fill the bottom of the pot with, for example, expanded clay or pebbles. The drainage system means a lot for draysena, since its root system is superficial.

The ideal plan for transplanting, with good care and fast growth, implies a yearly pot transplant, which will be only slightly larger than the old one. Pot for draceni "for growth" can not be taken, there is a risk that this will lead to the death of the plant. But a sufficiently adult dracaena should not be transplanted so often, in which case it will be sufficient to simply periodically replace the surface layer of soil with fresh soil containing many nutrients.

The soil for dracaena you can buy ready-made, and you can mix on your own. Usually for this in equal parts they mix up sod and leafy ground with peat, sand and humus.

This procedure has rather a decorative background, since cutting the dracaena for its own benefit is not required. Pruning of the stem stimulates the development of lateral buds and starts the branching process. This is especially true for such a species as a dracaena bordered: as it grows, the lower, older leaves die off, with time all the foliage concentrates on the top. The remaining bare trunk does not look very beautiful, which is why the dragon fruit is cut for getting side shoots.

By the way, in addition to the decorative function, pruning of a dracaena indoor flower is its reproduction using grafting. The maternal plant will branch, and the new dracaena-tip or stalk will give life to the new full-fledged flower.

The best time for pruning is the same as for a transplant, spring or early summer. The plant should be quite adult, not less than thirty centimeters in height. The cut must be five centimeters below the highest and youngest leaves.

When trimming, use a well-sharpened knife, wood or activated charcoal, you can also stock up on the tool "Zircon". Cut the stem, first place the cut with coal, and then treat with "Zircon". Cut cuttings can be used for breeding, namely rooting in water.

Care of the dragon season: species differences

Room flower dracaena species and varieties may be very different. In general, the care of indoor dragon plants does not vary greatly depending on their species and variety. But there are a few points that a florist should know.

  1. Dracaena marginata (it is - dracaena bordered) is the most common and most unpretentious species of all domestic dracaenas. Caring for her is no different from what was described above.
  2. The drama of Godzeff and the Dragon, unlike all other species, calmly carry dry air.
  3. Dracaena fragrant, or fragrance, tolerates cold. At a temperature of only +10, it is able to even bloom, although it does this in ambient conditions very rarely, despite the temperature regime created for it. She is also able to safely be in the summer in the fresh air. For the rest dratsen it is preferable to be kept in the room and not to leave its limits.
  4. Драцена отогнутая, или рефлекса – самая капризная и требовательная разновидность. Содержится она обычно только в оранжереях, потому что требует постоянное поддержание определенного температурного режима, влажности и освещения.
  5. Драцена сандера, тот самый знаменитый lucky bamboo, неприхотлива настолько, что способна расти даже просто в воде. It does not require planting in the ground, but it is advisable to add mineral fertilizers to the water, because without them the leaves will turn yellow. It should be used only distilled water, filtered as a last resort. The use of tap water can also lead to yellowing of the foliage.

You can read the article in more detail.

If yellowed and dried leaves

It is not always when the leaves turn yellow on the dracaena flower, this is due to the defeat of its pests. Perhaps the reason lies in the lack of care. Yellowing of the leaves results from the dryness of the air, with insufficient watering and a lack of fertilizer. Drying and twisted leaves appear if the plant is too cold.

  • If dracaena dropped leaves. The solution to the problem is exactly when it happened. Dracaena room can lower the leaves immediately after purchase, after transplanting (with replacement of the soil) and disturbing the integrity of the roots, as a result of improper watering.
  • If the leaves are just dropped by the dracaena bought, there is no reason for panic - the plant simply undergoes acclimatization, gets used to the new conditions of light, temperature and humidity. Almost all dracenes lower the leaves immediately after they are brought home from the store.
  • If the leaves are dropped immediately after transplanting to a new pot, this is a sign of damage to the root system.
  • Inadequate air humidity and improperly organized watering can also cause leaves to descend. Either the flower was poured, or, on the contrary, they dried it.

Marginata’s dragon’s tree palm, Sander’s lucky bamboo, fragrant blooming — all of these varieties of dracaenum require a certain amount of care, and this care has minimal differences depending on the species. Dratsen can be called a very unpretentious indoor plant, because it does not require so much attention. Good illumination, sufficient humidity, timely transplantation are the requirements that are inherent in almost every houseplant. So, if you decide to have a dragon flower, do not be afraid of the difficulties with her leaving, because there are no difficulties as such.

Photo Gallery

The plant is not poisonous, but belongs to the category of low-toxic - getting its juice into the body provokes a breakdown of the digestive system, so you should restrict access to it for children and pets.

Dracaena has bactericidal properties, moistens the air in the room, and also cleans it of toxic substances emitted by cheap finishing materials: ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde, toluene and xylene.

The most popular varieties of Draceni Marginata are Bicolor, Magenta or Magenta, Magenda, Tricolor, Colorama.

Flowering and fruiting

The dragon tree of Marginat has a straight tree trunk decorated with a magnificent crown. Leaf plates are narrow (2–4 cm wide) and long (up to 70 cm), green. Some varieties on the leaves have white, pink, yellow or burgundy longitudinal stripes.

The flowering dracaena is characterized by the appearance of small white flowers on it, gathered in umbrella inflorescences and revealing at night.

At home, this period is extremely rare and only with strict compliance with the requirements for the content: good diffused lighting, regular watering with warm water, fertilizing phosphoric and potassium-containing fertilizers.

If dracaena blooms, it is better to bring it to the balcony - the flowers exude a pungent honey aroma.

Signs and superstitions

It is believed that the dracaena brings good luck, wealth and success into the house, contributes to the establishment of friendly and love relationships, gives good health and longevity to the owner. Thanks to these properties, in China it was called the “bamboo of happiness”.

According to the Feng Shui philosophy, Marginata helps to fight laziness, get rid of a bad mood and inspires to commit serious actions.

The lush crown on a bare trunk symbolizes order, the plant helps purify energy.

By feng shui, a pot of drapes is better placed on the floor at the entrance to the house - this way she will show respect to the guests.

The fact that it carries to the house of Marginat can be judged by the number of shoots:

  • 3 - attracts happiness
  • 5 - helps to ensure financial well-being,
  • 7 - improves health.

The properties of the mini-palm causes the connection of the energy of the Sun and Mercury, it is ideal for calm and laconic people.

Suitable for the formation of bonsai

It will not be possible to form a real bonsai from the draza, but it is not difficult to create an imitation, although this process will also take more than 1 year.

The main goal - to get a thick trunk, despite the fact that it mainly grows in height. To do this, first of all it is necessary to provide the plant with suitable conditions for growth.

When the diameter of the trunk at a height of 10–15 cm from the soil surface is 4–5 cm, it should be cut off. With proper care, new shoots will appear under the cut, growing in height, and the trunk will begin to thicken.

Further plant formation depends on the owner's imagination and allows you to get the original multi-level tree.

Home care

You can buy the Marginat dragonza in specialized online and offline stores. The cost, depending on the number of trunks, the height of the plant and the diameter of the flowerpot, ranges from 250 to 27 thousand rubles.

After purchasing the flower should be given 2 weeks to adapt in the new conditions, and then transplanted, completely replacing the soil and pot. This is necessary, because the flower cannot grow and develop in the shipping container and the substrate.

In winter, dracaena requires minimal maintenance - it should not be fertilized more than once a month, a mini-palm tree cannot be transplanted and propagated, watering should be reduced.

Comfortable place for a flower

The most suitable place is the window sill of the western or eastern window. You can not put dracaena in the draft and near heating devices. In the warm season, you can take the plant to the garden or to the balcony, choosing a place in the penumbra.

What is needed primer

A loose, nutritious soil with good aeration, moisture permeability and weak acidity (pH 6.0) is suitable.

You can use the finished soil for palm trees or succulents, or make it your own hands, mixing in the same proportions:

In the soil mixture should be added small broken brick for loosening and charcoal to minimize the risk of rotting roots.

To get rid of pests, self-prepared substrate must be either freezed or calcined before use.

Replant the plant should be in March-April. The procedure is performed annually for young individuals and once every 3-4 years for adults. Unscheduled transplantation is required if:

  • flower recently acquired,
  • the plant struck pests or disease
  • the pot has become small for the root system,
  • dracaena planted in improper soil.

In order not to damage the roots of the mini-palm trees, it is better to use the transshipment method during transplantation:

  • pour the dracaena for 1,5-2 hours before the procedure,
  • in a new pot, 2–3 cm in diameter more than the previous one, pour a layer of drainage, 3–5 cm thick and some soil,
  • carefully remove the plant from the old pot and place it in the center of the new one with a lump of earth,
  • fill the voids with the remaining soil mixture, slightly compact it,
  • water the flower.

Water the transplanted tree 1 time in 7-10 days, do not apply fertilizer for a month.

This method is only suitable for healthy specimens. If the cause of transplantation in the disease, you must completely replace the soil and get rid of all damaged areas of the plant.

To do this, drag the roots together with a clod of earth for a half hour to place in a container of water a little warmer than the air temperature, then inspect the root system and remove all rotten, dead parts, and cut the cut sites with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal.

The pot should be selected based on the size of the root system - a small one will not allow it to fully develop, and excess moisture will accumulate in a large one. The container should be 3 cm wider and 2–3 cm higher than the level of the roots and have drainage holes suitable for pebbles, rubble, pieces of red brick. From materials it is better to give preference to clay or ceramics.

Apical cuttings

The easiest way to reproduce dracaena at home, for which you need:

  • in late spring, cut the top off the plant,
  • sprinkle with the cut area with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal and dry for 2–3 hours,
  • process the base with a growth stimulator (“Kornevin”, “Epin”),
  • plant the cuttings in a wet sandy substrate
  • cover the container with plastic or glass, creating a greenhouse effect,
  • regularly air the mini-greenhouse and water the land,
  • after the appearance of the roots transplanted in a permanent pot and suitable soil.

Watering the stalk is possible only 10–15 days after planting.

Rooting of the apex can occur in a container with water, to which you need to add activated carbon and growth promoter. The roots will appear after about 15 days, and after 2-3 weeks the cutting can be planted in the soil.

Air layouts

Using this method, it is necessary to make a small incision on the shoot of the dracaena and remove the bark there. Then cover this area with wet moss or peat and wrap with polyethylene.

When roots appear under it, you need to cut the resulting process and plant it in the ground.

Stem cuttings

This method is used for breeding tall plants with a bared and non-aesthetically looking trunk.

It is necessary to cut it into cuttings 7–10 cm long, cover their tops with paraffin, and process the bottom with “Korneinom”, “Hetero-auxin” or another root-stimulator.

Put the cutting in a container with water, and after the appearance of the roots, plant in a suitable substrate.

Keep the seeds in the growth stimulator solution for 24 hours at +32 ° C, then plant them in a light nutrient soil, water and put in a warm place, regularly moistening the soil.

After about 3-4 weeks, shoots will appear. When they grow to 7 cm, you need to plant them in separate containers.

Variety dracaena: description and photo of the most popular species

Each of the varieties of room dracais in its own way is interesting and unique. Regardless of the variety of colors, sizes and shapes of leavesAll plants have distinctive features. Consider the most popular varieties of this amazing flower, which is often compared not only with a palm tree.

This "tree of happiness" has narrow and elongated leaves, resembling a disheveled hairstyle. The leaves are concentrated on the top of the trunk. When they fall off, their base creates a characteristic pattern on the main trunk. Dracaena Edged can grow to a height of three meters.

You can recognize this dragon flower by its larger leaves with the original color. In addition to the green shade, strips of white color appear on the leaves, which makes the flower rather unusual.

If dracaena Edged resembles more a palm tree, then Sander dragonzen is more often compared to bamboo. Twisted green leaves gave this species dracaenes another name. Though helix effect without leaves made an artificial way. If you do not do this, you will get an ordinary erect tree with leaves, where there are strips of green-yellow color.

This plant has received such name due to inflorescence of fragrant buds of white color. The bush always blooms, and even low air temperatures of up to 10 degrees. The rest of the dracaena resembles its relatives narrow elongated leaves with distinctive gray-silver stripes in the middle.

In this species of plant, the stem is branching practically from the root itself, and the leaves of the tree are inclined to the bottom and, in fact, slightly bent. They are distinguished by a golden border around the edge.

This plant is completely unlike other species. The leaves of the dragon are oval, and the flower itself has the shape of a bush. But the most interesting is in its coloring: interspersed with cream and golden hue. This plant looks quite bright and elegant even when it does not bloom.

Under natural conditions, it can grow to a height of up to 25 meters, and at home it can grow up to 1.5 meters. This shrub is also called false palm. It has sword-shaped leaves with a reddish frame and a straight stem-stem.

Dragonfly transplant at home

You have purchased dracaena in the store and do not know whether you need to repot the plant? Look carefully at the appearance of the bush. If the plant is youngthen you can transplant it into another pot. But if the bush is already quite large, then it is best to wait for the arrival of spring.

Ask the consultant if the bush was not brought from abroad. In this case, a special substrate is used for transportation and the tree requires a mandatory transplant.

Before you solve the issue of transplanting dracaena and care, it is necessary to determine the pot for this flower. The dimensions of the pot will depend entirely on the height of the dragon tree and the root system. For example, a plant with a height of 50 centimeters will require a pot of at least 20 centimeters. No need to immediately acquire a huge capacity, as if in reserve. It will still be necessary to change the bush and replace the pot every 2 years. It must be only a few centimeters more in circumference than the previous container. And immediately acquired large containers will only contribute to water stagnation, which the dracaena does not like very much.

As for the special soil for the plant, it can be purchased at the flower shop or made with your own hands by mixing leafy, turfy peat and compost soil in proportions of 1: 2: 0.5: 1. The transplant procedure is as follows:

  • New pot should be treated with boiled water.
  • Fall to the bottom of the drainage layer.
  • Carefully remove the plant from the old pot and carefully inspect the roots. If are rotten, cuts off. We spray all root system from a spray.
  • Place the dracaena in a new pot and make sure that the space between the roots of the plant is covered with earth.
  • We water a bush with bait "Zircon". The next times you need to feed no more than twice a month.

In the subsequent fertilizer dracaena from April to December every 14 days. In winter, enough once a month and the dose of bait is best to reduce by half. Suitable for the care of universal bait for palm trees and dratsen.

Features of growing dracaena at home

The dragonza Godsef, the Dragon and the Bordered are unpretentious in the care of plants, unlike other varieties, but still follow the basic rules for the care of dragon stage necessary, and this is due not only to the correct lighting and watering.

Home dragon flower is recommended to loosen the top layer of soil in pots in summer and spring. The flower does not like when there is water in the root system for a long time, so it will certainly be grateful for the improved aeration of the earth. Dump the bottom leaves for the plant is quite normal, unless the leaves fall very often. To rejuvenate the bush can be, cutting off the top of his head and rooting. A group of shrubs will look prettier, so new shoots can be planted with a single plant.

To achieve the development of new lateral branches, it is necessary to correctly trim the bush and arrange care and conditions similar to greenhouses. Why cut off the top of dracenes with a sharp blade or knife, not bending the trunk too much. Good nfry the plant and close the plastic bag along with the pot. You install on a sunny plot and do not remove the shelter, so as not to disturb the temperature and humidity. In this case, dracaena is watered through the pan.

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