Women's Tips

Sports for children and adults


Many parents want their children to diversify, achieve outstanding success and be healthy, so they give them to the sports section. But the choice must be approached wisely.

Your child has become old enough, and you wondered how to occupy it in your free time. Usually, parents enroll children in educational circles, music school or language courses. But often the choice falls on the sports section.

Why do we give children to the sports section

Partly because everyone does that. In addition, we wish our children only the best. So that they are healthy, active and keep up with their peers, we help them discover the sport.

Often the sports section is recommended by doctors, teachers, friends. Nobody argues that it is useful and interesting, if they are selected correctly.

What sports section to choose for the child

Often we give the child to the section, which is located next to the house. This is an understandable decision, because it will be much more convenient for him to get to school. But location is not the most important factor when choosing a section. If the child does not like her, it is unlikely to bring any benefit.

Choosing a section, first of all think about what the child will receive from it.

Often karate is given to children aged 5-6 years. Karate for children is not only health-enhancing training, but also self-defense skills, the ability to find a solution in stressful situations, strong character, the will to win.

In karate classes, your child will be brought up in the spirit of Japanese warriors. He will be taught not to fight, to avoid the use of force in conflicts, to respect his elders, to appreciate what he has and to honor his family. You can not be afraid that because of training the child will become more aggressive or angrier. On the contrary, he will be taught to direct the energy in the right direction and control emotions.

The disadvantages include the low efficiency of such training for self-defense. Contactless combat is safe during training, but it does not prepare for a real fight. However, here the result depends on the nature of the child, and on the coach, to whom he gets.

Judo is not only a martial art, but also a philosophy that originated in Japan. All advantages of karate are inherent in it, but for self-defense it will be more effective.

A child engaged in contactless karate fighting is afraid to hit the bully. But a small judoka can throw an opponent through the thigh, get rid of the grips and stand up for himself in a fight or a brawl. School hooligans will definitely not offend him.


One of the most popular sections for children of different ages. Gymnastics strengthens the growing body and the child's immunity, normalizes weight, develops strength, agility, plasticity, endurance, evens out posture and gradually solves the problem of flatfoot.

In gymnastics, the child not only learns to achieve individual success and set personal records, but also to interact with teammates.

Different areas of gymnastics give the opportunity to choose what the child really likes, and the specificity of training - to go over time to other sections, where plasticity and dexterity are in demand.

Ballroom, oriental, folk, modern - both boys and girls can find something of their own. Plastic, dexterity, strength, endurance - that will bring your children dancing. Perhaps these skills will be useful to the child in the future or push to do dancing professionally.

You can safely give both boys and girls to playing football. It strengthens physical strength and endurance, helps a child to become an authority among peers in games, fosters teamwork skills.

Little footballers who have perseverance and talent have every chance of breaking into professional sports. Football is a type of activity in the open air, therefore the health effect of training is undeniable.

Cycling is not for everyone. These are intensive endurance training, which imply the constant overcoming of various difficulty levels and require a certain temperament. Cycling develops endurance, improves heart function, develops muscles.

If you want your child to become resilient, stubborn in achieving their goals and setting records, adhere to a healthy lifestyle, then offer him cycling.

Water sports

After visiting the pool, the child will understand if it is him. When he learns to swim, you can choose what to do next: water polo, diving, diving or synchronized swimming. Swimming develops all muscle groups, strengthens the immune system, hardens, helps to develop physically harmoniously. A huge plus of swimming is that it evens out the posture, and this is relevant for almost all children, because they spend a lot of time in a sitting position.

But you need to learn to float on the water first, and this all takes a different amount of time depending on the intensity of the training. It is possible that during training the child will hate water and activities. But when he swims without the help of a coach, he will understand that all efforts were worth the result.

Figure skating

Engage in figure skating can be already from four years. But you need to be prepared for the fact that you first have to learn to fall. Bruises, pain, tears and hard training are the path to success in figure skating. On the other hand, the child gets the opportunity to grow and develop, create something beautiful and do something that truly delights others.

Figure skating is also distinguished by the fact that progress will be clearly visible and will bring satisfaction not only to you, but also to the young athlete.

Another team sport that is not worse than martial arts strengthens the spirit. As in figure skating, you first have to get on skates. Pain, tears and frustration are provided.

But then the child will learn to work in a team, strive for the championship and win. Hockey is dangerous injuries, so think about whether it is worth it. Hockey also has great prospects for breaking into professional sports.

You can choose for your child the section to which it is more convenient to get. And you can make a significant contribution to its development and give something for which he will remain grateful to you until the end of his life.

Decide for yourself what you want from the sports section, and what your child wants. Then you will have every chance to make the right choice.

Individual characteristics

If a child is weak in health, then sport is not for him. Sport in this case is perceived as a source of stress that endangers an already vulnerable organism. The reasons for this position are a bad cardiogram, for example, respiratory diseases, frequent injuries. But not so simple. The only serious reason to exclude sports from everyday life is disability. Everything else is a signal to look for a sport suitable for a particular child. For example, problems with pressure and vessels - a reason to stay away from martial arts, but a chance to do volleyball or mountain skiing. Bronchial asthma implies the abandonment of running loads, but it fully allows aquatic species, various types of wrestling and motor racing. Here it is important to understand that adults should know the measure in their care. All the famous champions-champions are not heroes by birth, but, on the contrary, for the most part people who overcame children's ailments and in some way violated the recommendations of doctors.

Recommendations for choosing a sports section

First of all - it all depends on the individual characteristics of the children themselves. The child’s assessment is as objective as possible. The best predisposition of the child to a particular sport is visible in the range from 5 to 7 years. It is possible to give the baby to the section earlier, of course, but this is no more reliable choice. The global task is to maximize the use of children's natural data.

Here, for example, the child has excess weight, and he is dragged into the football section, assuming that he will also lose weight. It is not right. In football, mobility and coordination are important, and the constitution of this child is a guarantee that the training process for him will turn into a complete humiliation. Of course, all this can lead to the rejection of sports in general. Full children are much more fit swimming, judo, some types of athletics or hockey - this, by the way, is the same game sport in which a fair amount of weight is even encouraged.

Next - growth. It is no secret that tall people are especially valued in games such as basketball and volleyball. Body length in centimeters is such an important factor for these games that coaches are ready to forgive potential pupils and some slowness and mediocre coordination of movements. So if a child grows well - you need to pay attention primarily to the "hardwood" sports. In addition, based on the growth of parents, it is possible to predict the future dimensions of the child - in high adults and a child, as a rule, reaches decent performance. By the way, there are cases when high growth becomes a hindrance to practice. In gymnastics, for example, the lanky do not like, considering them awkward and unpromising.

As for football and hockey, there are quite tough criteria: speed, agility, sharpness. Speed ​​is the only quality that cannot be “grafted” - it is given by nature, and it can be increased by only 10% during training - it is scientifically proven. Therefore, no matter how much one would like to satisfy his parental ambitions, taking the child to the most popular game in the world, it is hardly worth tormenting a stolid guy by a deliberately useless process. It is necessary to check: perhaps he is the future world champion in bowling - there are also such sections.

Other features when selecting a section

Let's define that physical culture and sport are not the same thing. Engaging for yourself or practicing for medals are completely different things. The general in these two concepts "physical education" and "sport" is what means are used for this, mainly physical exercises and games.
They differ in setting goals: they are engaged in physical exercise in order to be healthy, and in sports for the sake of achievements, results, victories. Physical education is aimed at correcting physical disabilities, and sport - at the development of physical merits.

Sports training process, even the most professionally set, still contributes to the deterioration of the body. And often the development of physical qualities is carried out at the expense and to the detriment of others - intellectual and moral. Recently, it has officially begun to recognize that sport, especially professional and children's, has side effects. And, nevertheless, children become the main object of sports trainers. By the way, in children's sports, natural selection peculiar to our world also acts, as a result of which weak kids are eliminated as unpromising, and physically healthy people who are able to withstand heavy physical exertion suffer the most.

It is not necessary to make an Olympic champion out of a child. It is enough that he was just physically prepared and busy all the time. Thus, it is possible to protect it from the harmful influence of the street and have a beneficial effect on the state of health.
After thinking about everything, you can send the child to the sports section. It remains the most important thing: to decide which section to go to. In order to simplify the problem of choice, we note some positive and negative points in the most common sports available to the age of the older preschooler.

Fighting, martial arts
- from 5-6 years old (aikido, judo, sambo, boxing, karate, etc.). These sports disciplines will contribute to the development of precision movements, reaction, flexibility. For a boy it is extremely important to be able to stand up for yourself and your friends. The main thing is that martial art does not turn into just a banal swinging arms and legs. The teacher, as a senior mentor, should carry a certain philosophy to the children, and not just develop aggression in the souls of the children being taught.

- from 3-4 years old (sports or artistic). Gymnastics contributes to the development of flexibility and grace, beauty, precision of movements and creative perception of the world. Flexible and slender figures usually seduce the parents of girls. A beautiful sport, deft and calculated movements are pleasing to the eye, but bruises, stretched ligaments and muscles, sprained joints - not the whole list of injuries characteristic of this sport. But it is quite possible to offer your daughter to engage in, for example, dancing or rhythmics, which also develop the same qualities, and the negative consequences for the child are much less.

Power sports:
- from 14-16 years. Weight lifting, bodybuilding and everything connected with them should be completely excluded. While the body of your child is still growing, you should not abuse it, overloading it. Flexible and not fully formed children's bones and joints, and so have a heavy load during the growth of the child, and therefore you should not load them even more. Classes strength sports can be started at fourteen - sixteen years. Previously, you will not achieve any results anyway, but it is likely that you will harm the health of the child.

- from 3-4 years. One of the most useful sports. There is no need to argue about its positive impact - only one benefit. Parents of girls can be a little wary of the broad shoulders of professional swimmers, but this is if you practice professionally in the hope of Olympic gold, and swimming a couple of times a week will only affect the children's figure for the better and the health benefits will be huge.

Team Sports - from 5-6 years old (basketball, volleyball, football, hockey, etc.). Of course, injuries, as in all sports, are present here. But team sports have one advantage. Parents should think about how socially adapted their child is. If he did not go to kindergarten, but was brought up at home, then for him this is another chance to learn to communicate with peers and develop team spirit. Well, if your child and so freely converges with people, for him these classes will be an additional pleasant event.

- from 5-6 years old (running, javelin throwing, walking, long jump, high jump, etc.). Of course, a child of five or seven years admitted to the section will not be put in immediately to push the core or run a marathon. He will be taught to breathe correctly, to set foot when running and walking, which is very important, so that playing “catch-up” on the playground will not get injured.

- from 7-8 years. Mankind, for so many years striving for a comfortable life in big beautiful cities, has become the object of urbanization (an increase in the share of the urban population). Not every city has the opportunity to go skiing. The pedestrian roads of the streets in winter are sprinkled with salt, the snow melts, barely touching the ground. This, of course, is not bad, but not for skiers. You are very lucky if you live near the forest or at least the park. In this case, there is likely to be a ski section in your area. If not, then at the weekend it is quite possible, having gathered the whole family, to go out of town on skis. A walk in nature with people loved and loved by the child will bring him, and you too, much more pleasure and benefit than even the most professional sports section.

- from 5 years. A sport that has become very fashionable lately, and therefore very expensive. If prosperity allows, then why not: dexterity, quickness of reaction, ability to win and, importantly, losing has not hurt anyone. If the family budget is very limited - do not be upset, the same qualities will help develop athletics, and football, and many other sports.

As a rule, at every kindergarten and at every school there are now free (or with a symbolic fee) sections where the necessary attention will be paid to your child. If for some reason there are no such sections, the whole family can run in the mornings, pour cold water, observe the correct diet, etc. The main thing is that the loads must be systematized and regular. If you run every morning during the holidays, on working days twice a week (and then under the pressure of the child’s urgent requests), and during the damming at work you’re tired so much that you don’t forget to think about a healthy lifestyle, and not at all.

What if the child doesn't like the section

What to do if the child after the first lesson returned disappointed and flatly refuses to further training? First, you should consider whether the choice of the sports section was due to any unmet ambitions. Maybe parents always wanted to do gymnastics, and something else is closer to a child? It is difficult enough to admit to oneself this. Practice shows that parents often try to realize themselves in a child. Dad, who dreamed of being a hockey player, but due to circumstances did not become one, gives the child to the hockey section, and the baby’s soul lies, say, to music, drawing or something else.

Если же родители неамбициозные, тогда стоит поговорить с ребенком. Может быть, его отказ посещать занятия обусловлен просто плохим приемом. Возможно, он некомфортно чувствует себя среди занимающихся или ему несимпатичен тренер. Or maybe he likes to do exercises in the mornings much more, and in the evening to ride a bicycle in the yard, play badminton or a ball, in winter the whole family go to the skating rink or go out of town on skis? When choosing classes that are useful for a child, one should always be guided by his personal desires. Often, only joint efforts can make the right choice, and then the child will grow up a healthy, intelligent and morally stable person.

On the individual characteristics of the character

When choosing a sports section it is extremely important to take into account the temperament of the child. Quite often, children tend to give up sports, including in order to direct the energy of a child to an organized channel. The desire is quite justified, however, we should not forget about this: impulsive, emotional children are extremely difficult to adapt to individual sports - those that require patience, thoughtfulness, diligence in repeating numerous monotonous exercises. These include tennis, gymnastics, and figure skating. Of course, a qualified trainer is able to partially correct the situation and help his student to realize his aspirations in maintaining and strengthening the figure. But in general, the prospects of small extroverts can be very vague.

Another thing - team games. Therefore, mentality is a factor that cannot be ignored. Well, since the child’s psyche has such a decisive significance, we should not forget that the parental task is to select a mentor for a small athlete who will be tactful in his work.

Let's sum up the results. When choosing a sports school or section for your child, one should remember that the most important task is to bring him pleasure in future activities, to stimulate his desire to go hand in hand with sports all his life, and not just to load him with some kind of duty. When choosing a section, you should also take into account two factors - the personal qualities of the baby and the distance of the potential training place from home. No need to dramatize the situation on trifles and inspire the child from his youth that he is too weak and painful for the sport. Well, when the choice is made, you need to look for a more qualified trainer who will be attentive to each individual student.

From what age is it better to give the child to the sport?

When should I give my son or daughter to the sport? - It is best to start teaching children to the sport from the preschool age, but this is not always possible - not all sports sections accept young children.

If parents plan to subsequently make sport for a child a weighty part of his life, children need to be accustomed to sports from the “diaper”. How to do it? Equip at home a small sports area with a wall bars, rope and other devices. Being engaged from early childhood, the child will overcome fear, strengthen some muscle groups, master the existing projectiles, and feel the pleasure and joy of practicing.

  • 2-3 years. The kids at this age are full of energy, active and mobile. That is why at this time it is recommended to practice daily gymnastics with children. Kids get tired quickly, so classes should not be long, it’s enough to do a few simple exercises (clapping, waving arms, bending, jumping) for 5-10 minutes,
  • 4-5 years. This age is especially noteworthy because the body type of the baby is already formed (as well as his character), and the talents are just beginning to manifest. This period is most suitable for finding a suitable sports club for your child. This age is good for the development of coordination. Offer your child a choice of acrobatics, gymnastics, tennis, jumping or figure skating. From the age of five you can begin classes at a ballet school or try yourself in hockey,
  • 6-7 years. A great time for the development of flexibility and plasticity. After a year, the joints will reduce their mobility by about 20-25%. You can give the child to any type of gymnastics, to swim, to start practicing martial arts or football,
  • 8-11 years old. This age period is best suited for the development of the child's speed, agility and dexterity. Great idea - to give it to rowing, fencing or cycling,
  • Since 11 years old It is necessary to focus on endurance. Children after 11 years old are able to withstand heavy loads, master complex movements and hone them. Choose any sports with a ball, consider athletics, boxing, shooting,
  • After 12-13 years There comes an age when the best solution will be training aimed at the development of strength and endurance.

So from what age can you give a child to this or that sport? There is no unequivocal answer, as each person is individual. There are children who are able to skate or downhill at the age of three. Others are completely unprepared for most sports by the age of nine..

There are general recommendations that you should listen to when choosing a sports section. For example, classes for the development of flexibility should start from an early age, because at this time the body of the child is more amenable to stretch marks. With age, flexibility decreases. But as for endurance, then, in general, it develops gradually - from 12 years to 25 years.

If you have decided to put a three-year-old child in a sports club, then take into account - the bones and muscles of the child finally formed only by five years. Excessive loads up to this age can lead to unpleasant consequences, such as scoliosis. Kids up to 5 years old are actually quite light loads and active games.

In which sections are children at different ages?

  • 5-6 years. Take on different types of gymnastics and figure skating,
  • 7 years. Acrobatics, ballroom and sport dances, martial arts, swimming, darts, as well as checkers and chess,
  • 8 years. At this age, children take on badminton, football, basketball and golf. There is an opportunity to learn skiing,
  • 9 years. From now on there is a chance to become a skater, master sailing, practice rugby and biathlon, start athletics,
  • 10 years. Upon reaching 10 years old children are accepted to boxing and kickboxing, pentathlon, judo. You can give the children to classes with weights, billiards and cycling,
  • From 11 years children take in the section on various types of shooting,
  • From 12 years of the child will be bobsled.
Sports for children and the age in years in which they are allowed to attend sports school

Gifted children can be enrolled in the sports section a year younger.

Choosing a sport, given the child's body

Having decided to give your child to the sport, you should pay attention to his body type. This is important because in different kinds of sports various features of the body structure are taken into account. For practicing basketball, tall is preferable, whereas this feature is not appreciated in gymnastics. If the child is inclined to be overweight, parents should pay even more attention to choosing a direction in sports, because the results of training will depend on this, and hence the level of children's self-esteem. Having excess weight, the child is unlikely to become a good striker in football, but he will be able to achieve results in judo or hockey.

There are several types of body structure, according to the Stefko and Ostrovsky scheme used in medical practice. Let's look at them in detail:

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  1. Astenoid type - this body type is characterized by pronounced thinness, legs are usually long and thin, and chest and shoulders are narrow. Muscles are poorly developed. Often, people with asthenoid type of body build have a slouch along with protruding shoulder blades. Such children tend to feel embarrassed. Given these factors, it is important for parents to find a section where their child will be psychologically comfortable. Here it is important not only the direction in the sport, but also the appropriate team. It is easy for such children to be engaged in gymnastics, basketball, as well as any sports where emphasis is placed on speed, strength and endurance, such as skiing, cycling, jumping, rowing, throwing, golf and fencing, swimming, basketball, rhythmic gymnastics.
  2. Thoracic type body composition is characterized by an equal width of the shoulder girdle and thighs, the chest is often wide. The average muscle mass development rate. These children show high activity, they are suitable sports associated with speed and developing endurance. Moving kids fit various races, motor sports, skis, they will make excellent footballers and biathletes, acrobats and figure skaters. You can give a child with this type of body composition to ballet, capoeira, jumping, to captivate them with kayak sports.
  3. Muscular type addition is characteristic for children with a massive skeleton and a developed muscle mass. They are hardy and strong, which means you should choose a sport aimed at developing strength and speed. Such children can manifest themselves in mountaineering, martial arts, football, powerlifting, water polo and hockey, as well as achieve good results in weightlifting and Workout.
  4. Digestive type - the digestive type of build is characterized by short stature, broad chest, the presence of a small tummy and fat mass in other parts of the body. These guys are not mobility, they are slow and clumsy. However, this does not mean that he can not join the sport. To instill in them an interest in classes, choose weightlifting, shooting, hockey, athletic gymnastics, consider martial arts or motor sports, throwing and WorkOut as an option.

How to choose a sport, given the children's temperament?

Character also matters when choosing sports. It depends on how much success the child can achieve. For example, children with a high degree of activity are unlikely to express themselves in sports, where training is an endless series of repetitive exercises that require the ability to concentrate. They need to find classes where the child can throw out an excess of energy, best of all, so that it is a team sport.

  1. Sports for sanguine. Children with this type of temperament are leaders by nature, they are not inclined to succumb to fear, they like extreme sports, they can use sport where they can show all these qualities, show their own superiority. They will feel comfortable in the classroom fencing, mountaineering, karate. Sanguine people will like hang gliding, alpine skiing, and canoeing.
  2. Choleric - people are emotional, but they are able to share a victory with someone, so children with this temperament should find themselves in team sports. Fighting or boxing is a good option for them.
  3. Phlegmatic children tend to achieve good results in everything, including in sports, because their natural qualities are perseverance and calm. Suggest a child with such a temperament to go to chess, to figure skating, do gymnastics or become an athlete.
  4. Melancholic - very vulnerable children, they may be hurt by the excessive severity of the coach. It is better to choose for them one of the team sports or to give to the dance. An excellent option is equestrian sport, it is suitable for everyone, and you should also consider shooting or sailing.

Which section to give children, given their state of health?

If you chose a direction in sports for your children, took into account all the factors - their preferences, body type, character, now you should pay attention to the health of future athletes. It is better to consult a pediatrician who knows the characteristics of the body of the child. The doctor will tell you which sports are contraindicated in each case, and which ones will benefit. The pediatrician will determine which level of load is suitable for your children. Consider the recommendations regarding the choice of sport for various diseases.

  • Volleyball, basketball and football contraindicated for myopic children, as well as those who suffer from asthma or flatfoot. But these sports will help strengthen the musculoskeletal system,
  • Rhythmic gymnastics will save the child from flat feet and help strengthen the back muscles, form a beautiful posture,
  • Swimming - fits all children without exception. Occupations in the pool have a beneficial effect on the muscles of the entire body, including the back, strengthen the nervous system,
  • Hockey contraindicated if the child has chronic diseases, but he is well developing the respiratory system,
  • Martial arts, rhythmic gymnastics, skiing and figure skating shown in poorly developed vestibular apparatus,
  • With a weak nervous system suitable lessons children's yoga, swimming and horse riding,
  • Tennis It is worthwhile to engage in the development of fine motor skills and attention, but this sport does not suit myopic children and those who suffer from a stomach ulcer,
  • Horse riding recommended for convulsive syndrome, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and diabetics,
  • Strengthen the heart and respiratory system by doing speed skating, athletics or diving,
  • Figure skating contraindicated in severe myopia and diseases of the pleura.

Wanting to introduce children to the sport, you should not be afraid of experiments, there will be victories, there will be failures. However, never write off the failures of a child in a sport to various circumstances, because they are the result of efforts. Achieving success by their efforts, children will again strive for victories, faced with failure, will make more effort.

Any sport is useful and important, because it develops a strong character, responsibility and discipline. The main thing that the child was engaged in it with pleasure!

1. He wanted

Chess is also a sport. And my child wanted to go to them. It was then that I learned that seven years is not too early, but it is already too late. Even a special tournament is a “six-year prize,” and sometimes the snotty shoes from the middle group of the kindergarten win on them. But at that moment I really did not understand why he needed these chess at all. A little afraid of them. Read the "Protection Luzhin." A year has passed. The child didn’t want to stop, but on the contrary, reminded me: “When you give to chess, do you?” I had to really “give it back”. I was afraid for nothing: chess turned out to be a game not autistic, but fun and beautiful. The child is ready for a long time and eagerly to solve puzzles and play in tournaments, eager to win, teaches debuts. Recently, here is the "second adult" earned. In a word, it develops. Nicely!

The conclusion I make is simple: if a child asks for a long time to give him to some sport - the best thing to do.

It doesn’t matter whether he becomes a Zenit grandmaster. Most likely - will not. But the world of football, the world of chess, the world of boxing will forever remain in his soul. Because he is already there. The child already feels like a little chess player. And that means - there is a motivation to overcome difficulties and win.

2. Typical gymnast

Here is a girl: she easily gets up on the bridge, loves to spin on the rings, can braid her legs and arms in a pigtail. And here's another: you can't drive her out without a ball for a walk. And the third is climbing trees like a monkey. Fourth - in two years she could go five stops without getting tired. There are different girls and boys, and about some people just want to say: “gymnast” or “basketball player”. If they themselves are not against it - you can safely give them to the appropriate sport. Even if they still do not dream about it.

Good data is an easy start, and an easy start is the very endorphins, the motivation to repeat again and again.

Then it will become difficult, but the person will get used to the fact that he is a gymnast, and this will give him the strength to continue.

3. Health

There are children who are contraindicated or directly shown a particular sport. And if you know about it in time, you can avoid many problems. For example, the pool is very good for children with (as it is called domestic pediatricians) "connective tissue dysplasia" - flat-footed, hunched, with "twisted" joints and protruding shoulder blades. They really get stronger and healthier from swimming.

There are several opinions about whether it is worth giving hockey to chroniclers of bronchopulmonaries, and one of them says that, of course, it is worth it. Small figure skaters often do not get sick even in kindergarten until they throw ice (and then they start to get ill). Well, of course, if such reasoning is not made by us, leisure writers (engineers, teachers), but by a doctor. But where are these interested professionals to take.

4. "It is worn anyway"

Or "it is necessary to put energy somewhere". Reasoning in this logic, parents tend to give an active child to athletics, and pugnacious - to karate. However, the truth is that sport is a special thing, karate is not an equal fight, and hyperactivity most often means not an excess of energy, but the inability to use it properly (which means it ends more quickly than a “normal” child). In the end, after the sport, the child comes home no, the health benefits usually get a little, and sports victories and even less.

Honestly, the best use of the so-called "energy" of fussy and hectic children is a long walk in the fresh air.

There does not get tired of attention, you do not need to concentrate, obey, purposefully do something. But you can wave your arms and legs in your rhythm. Therefore - rest. А на спорт такому ребёнку вообще ходить не стоит лет до десяти.

5. «Не быть хлюпиком»

Тут логика противоположная. Ребёнок хилый, квёлый, любит читать и быть один — пора отдать его на футбол или в борьбу! Там его научат стоять за себя, давать сдачу, играть в команде (нужное подчеркнуть). Obviously, in this way one can only make the child hate both sport, and surrender, and teams - this is repeatedly described in literature and memoirs. For example, Stephen Fry, who studied at an English school - and they are known for their lurch in every kind of rowing and other Quidditch. Do not.

It is better to choose individual sports for such a child, and such sections, in which it is not necessary to be the best. For example, three times a week to the pool, but not to the sports school, but for a subscription. And you can also have a little run together in the morning. And you yourself will not notice how he will turn from a hlyupik into a strong young man. Without stress and hatred of the sport.

6. “traumatic!”

Many are afraid to give the child to any sport, because this type is considered traumatic. In fact, with the right approach to the coach, no children's sport will be traumatic for the first five years for sure. Well, if a child grows to a level where there are real knockouts, where a defender can break a leg or an extreme falls from a garage, where he has perched with his board, then this is probably fate and payment for real passion.

Once a child has grown to a certain high level in his sport, he also carries risks.

And here we again recall the “Protection of Luzhin” and Bobby Fisher’s frills: chess players have their professional deformations. In general, the risk of adolescents needed. And if you choose, let it be a risk of an athlete that is planned, limited by a cable or a helmet. So boxing means boxing.

7. “A lot of money and time is leaving”

Everyone seems to want the child to win. But in practice, the victories of a child take many by surprise. Suddenly it turns out that as the skater or participant in aerobics competitions grows, the school must be skipped more and more often, and progressive cash investments are required from parents. And then there's the competition somewhere in the Baltics, where you have to go with your child or let him go alone ...

Yes, it is better from the very beginning to sit on the forums, ask around for the "victims" and be prepared for the fact that in some sports, victories are not given for nothing. And most importantly, sooner or later, to win a child in most cases ceases. It is important to understand what we will do then. And in general, we are ready to raise an athlete, what kind of sports career would be acceptable for us. Maybe it is better to "walk for health"? Or do we still need a champion? There is something to think about.

8. Men's hand

It is believed that the sport brings up. In some forums you can even meet the typical advice of an “independent” mother: “Is there no father in the house? Give me back to the sport, let him know the men's coaching hand! ”The advice is stupid, because everything in it is turned upside down. Yes, a situation is possible in which the favorite trainer becomes a “father figure.”

Because we love the sport itself, in which I want to win and focus on the teacher. But not vice versa. In choosing the sports section, the figure of the coach is not at all important because we are looking for a man's hand. The hand may be female. The main thing is the combination of hardness and care that distinguishes a good coach. Ability to lead, set tasks exactly one step further than current opportunities. There are actually a lot of such coaches, and it is very important that ours be such.

9. I myself have been doing this.

There is a certain reason to give the child to the same sport, which he worked as a child himself. But we will be attentive. Suddenly the child is not in us? Or suddenly he doesn’t want to do it at all - and we want to, but we don’t have time? Or have we not achieved victories and are trying to “continue” at the expense of our son? We catch our motivation, and if it is honest (to give the child the same joy that he knew himself), that is very good. Especially if any sport is familiar to us, we will be able to give the child practical advice. Or even become for him a "helper" or sparring partner.

If we summarize our advice and assumptions, then we can say that sport, like everything else, must be chosen, looking at the subject of choice, and not “to the sky”.

Good:“I know a great coach,” “he is tall / she is flexible and loves to climb,” “like me - not afraid of the ball,” “the doctor advised swimming,” “it's fun!”

Poorly:“So awkward, we need to develop”, “they will teach life there”, “it’s better to fight there than at school”, “for nothing in the world, they all have broken noses”, “they will not become a champion anyway, why then” .

That is, it is worth being guided by simple and concrete, and not abstract considerations. As an everywhere.

Which sports section should I give a child 5-6 years old to?

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How to choose a sport?

In the modern world, many children are distinguished by hyper mobility and restlessness. However, at present, the planet has been shrouded in information technologies, which occupy all the free time of a child. That is why today the question of how to lure children to the sports section is so acute. In young organisms, energy beats the fountain.

Parents often fail to cope with it, hence quarrels and prohibitions arise. Therefore, the child needs active entertainment (sports). Sports for children today are dozens. However, before selecting a section, it is important to understand whether the child will be able to withstand the load, whether he will be interested in whether there is enough free time for this.

It is no secret that any kind of sports for children is very important from the point of view of medicine. Active exercises help strengthen the immune system and make the body healthy. Scientists have proven that sport reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases by 50%.

Plus the fact that the child can train at school, in special sections, and just on the street or at home.

Sport by age

Many parents crave their children to realize the dream of their youth: become famous gymnasts, runners, hockey players or football players. However, when choosing a section, one should rely only on the desires of the child himself, as well as on his state of health.

If a child has problems with the respiratory system, then it should not be given to athletics or winter sports. These children will be better suited to swimming or horse riding. It would also be good to know what age criteria there are. From the age of 3, children are shown only swimming or gymnastics.

A year later, you can give the child to the section on ballroom dancing, figure skating, tennis or hockey. At the age of 5 years, martial arts such as wushu and karate are allowed.

In 9 years, allowed basketball, volleyball, cycling and even biathlon. Closer to grade 4, children can begin to show good results in athletics, boxing, fencing, and horse riding.

Team views

This category of sport is best suited for children from 5 years. Team types help not only to develop speed, endurance and reaction, but also improve the communicative properties of character. Group work forces boys and girls to communicate more, to be more united, more friendly.

In addition, such sports for children are important in terms of emotions. The team is easier to survive the defeat and more pleasant to enjoy success. Whether it be football, hockey or some other team sport, it helps strengthen the visual system, the musculoskeletal system, helps to improve the functioning of the heart and lungs.

Also one of the advantages is relatively inexpensive equipment, with the exception of hockey. Many orthopedists and pediatricians believe that football and basketball are the best sports for children from 5 to 7 years old. The downside is the relatively high risk of injury.

Team sports for children are contraindicated for those who have flat feet, asthma, fragility of the cervical spine, peptic ulcer.

Martial arts

Boxing, karate, judo, aikido, sambo - these sports (see photo below) are contraindicated for children under 5 years old. The main advantages of martial arts is the development of flexibility, endurance, quick response and accuracy of movements.

Thanks to these sports, a strong spirit is formed in the young body that can later manifest itself in life in the form of self-defense. Martial arts help to throw out excess energy, aggression, emotions, teach self-control, strengthen the immune system.

As in the team, in these sports is extremely high risk of injury. Boys and girls can equally be engaged in martial arts, as each child finds something particularly interesting and useful in training.

The main contraindications to martial arts are diseases of the spine and heart.

Swimming (pool)

Water sports for children are allowed from 3 years. At this age, the child’s skeletal and muscular systems are formed completely. As you know, water contributes to the development and strengthening of the body, as well as improving blood circulation. Among other things, these sports normalize the work of the central nervous system, harden the body.

Children with diseases such as scoliosis, diabetes, myopia and obesity, attending physicians must prescribe regular visits to the pool. It is worth noting that parents swimming captivates its budgetary component.

Для этого вида спорт практически не нужно приобретать никакого снаряжения, кроме плавок (купальника) и специальной защитной шапочки. Единственный возможный недостаток в плавании заключается в качестве воды.

Если она не фильтруется регулярно и обильно «очищается» хлорным раствором, то у детей могут появиться аллергические реакции или бактериальные заболевания.

Contraindications: chronic otitis, skin rash.


Such Olympic sports (pictures for children, see below), like running, high jumps, javelin throwing and many others, are allowed from 10 years, although many experts are sure that they will be useful even for first-graders. Track and field athletics allows you to strengthen the muscular and bone systems, to form strength, agility, will to win, speed.

To practice these sports do not require special skills or costly ammunition. In addition, training is not necessarily in specific sections or in the gym. For jogging and walking, the yard or the park are ideal, the same applies to the jumps.

Unfortunately, the statistics of recent years shows that athletics is less interested in school-age children. Its only kind that is still popular is the shuttle run. In other matters, it is in demand among adults, as it allows you to lose those extra pounds and achieve the optimal form.

These summer sports for children have the following contraindications: heart disease, kidney disease and diabetes.

Skis and skates

Winter sports for children are allowed from 5 years, but there are exceptions. Figure skating can begin to teach a child who attends preparatory preschool group. As for the ski types, they are shown only from 9-10 years old.

Winter sports for children are useful for the cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal system and immunity. Figure skating allows you to develop grace, endurance, artistry in a young body. Ski views are useful for osteochondrosis and metabolic failure.

The disadvantages are quite expensive equipment and the need for specific weather conditions. Winter species are contraindicated in children with lung disease and myopia.


Many experts are sure that a child can engage in this sport at the very moment when he is able to hold the racket tightly in his hand. Approximate age - from 4 years. Tennis in children develops dexterity, reaction, hardens the spirit, forms the will and desire to win, normalizes the work of the respiratory system and improves coordination.

Many parents strive to give their children to the sport, which in the future may bring material benefits. In the modern world, tennis is just that. Today in professional tournaments there are very big prizes.

Tennis is suitable for ambitious and very mobile children with good coordination abilities.

Contraindications apply only to diseases such as asthma, spinal brittleness, flatfoot.

Horseback riding

This particular sport has recently become more and more popular among young people, however, children also have considerable interest in it, primarily related to horses. The permitted age of the start of driving is 10 years old. This sport does not require any physical exertion, but it forces you to work hard with all your muscles, especially the legs and back.

Riding is used in the prevention of mental disorders, with cerebral palsy, as it gives children unforgettable emotions from communicating with horses. In addition, such studies are often prescribed to their patients by neurologists. It is proved that during horse riding, children calm down and gain confidence in themselves.

Not recommended for asthma, diseases of the spine and animal allergies.

Sports tourism

This type does not require lengthy training, although a bit costly in terms of equipment. Clean air always has an amazing miraculous effect on the human body, and for the child it is absolutely necessary, especially for its respiratory system.

Walking along forest paths, mountainous areas and river mouths will not only broaden the horizons of children, but also give them a charge of emotions and vigor for the whole next month.

Sports tourism develops endurance, hardening, strengthens the muscular and respiratory systems, improves blood supply to the brain.

August 29, 2011 Posted by: admin

Doctors say that it is in preschool age that the child’s health is laid.

If a child of kindergarten age is tempered, receive proper nutrition and actively move, then he will come to school healthy, resilient, with strong immunity.

Therefore, the motor activity of a preschooler and a younger student is a necessity, and not only the kindergarten and the school, but also the parents should take care of this.

Many parents believe that the kid does not need sports. Grow up - and will be engaged. Indeed, the child does not necessarily go in for sports, but he must move a lot.

Unfortunately, modern children are too loaded with intellectual activities, and there is very little time left for movement.

Various sections and recreational and physical education groups are a great opportunity to provide your child with sufficient physical activity.

Playing sports at an early age not only has a positive effect on the health of the child in the future, but also disciplines him, tempers his character, teaches him to be responsible, courageous and strong not only with his body, but also with his spirit.

So, physical training for preschoolers and younger students is simply necessary. Understanding this, you want to give the child to the sports section. But do not know which sport to choose for the child? Which section to give it to? To begin with, let's look at the benefits of various sports.

The benefits of various sports

Choosing a sport for a child: swimming pool. Swimming not only develops all muscle groups and teaches endurance. Being in the water has a calming effect on the psyche. Therefore, hyperactive children are encouraged to bring into the pool.

In addition, the pool is recommended for children suffering from frequent colds - water training hardens the body. For girls, you can prefer synchronized swimming.

Choosing a sport for a child: team games. Games are recommended for both very sociable children (as a team they will feel like a fish in water) and shy children who cannot communicate (playing as a team will inculcate communication skills in a child, teach you to be friends, to be responsible not only for yourself but also for the team) .

In general, team games are very useful for the psychological development of children. And, of course, for the physical. You need to choose a specific team sport for your child, depending on his personal wishes, as well as his abilities and physical data.

For example, in basketball and volleyball, only high-level players are generally successful. In football, the ability to run fast and long is important. In hockey - physical strength and good coordination. In water polo - the love of water and the ability to swim.

The lack of sports games is a high level of injury, without which, however, no sport can do. Much here depends on the experience of the coach.

Choosing a sport for the child: athletics. Running forms endurance and develops all muscle groups. Jumping requires some abilities, but in general, a high level of physical fitness is required, so jumpers are always in excellent shape.

Children with flat feet can not run. But even healthy feet in runners can be deformed. However, we are not talking about professional sports (for the time being), but about occupations for the sake of health, therefore, if your child is healthy, there is no need to fear that it will harm him.

Choosing a sport for a child: gymnastics. Gymnastics contributes to the harmonious development of the body and the formation of a beautiful figure - both in girls and boys.

Children, keen on gymnastics, become very strong physically. Therefore, you can bring to the gymnastics section of children who are weak or prone to the formation of excess weight.

Gymnastics classes will help overcome this tendency and gain strength.

Rhythmic gymnastics makes the figures of girls graceful and graceful. Girls improve posture, strengthen muscles, develop coordination. But it is worth considering that success in rhythmic gymnastics is achieved by girls with a special body structure - tall, thin, with long limbs and inborn flexibility.

However, this does not mean that the little pyshechka will not get any result from the gymnastics classes! Classes will be useful to any girl.

If you immediately tune in to the fact that what you care about is not achievement, but health and harmonious development, then there will be no grief in the future. It is important to give this attitude to the girl.

No one knows what fate will give us - perhaps the girl, despite her “inappropriate” data, will become an Olympic champion in this sport!

Choosing a sport for the child: skiing. Ski lessons contribute to the development of endurance, strength, coordination. Skiing trains the heart and hardens the body. It is recommended to engage in skiing often catch cold children. Outdoor activities are useful for all children without exception!

Choosing a sport for a child: martial arts. These sports teach children to stand up for themselves, and this is sometimes very expensive. Hyperactive and aggressive children doing martial arts become calmer and more restrained. Martial arts temper character and make children psychologically strong. They are easier to cope with stress.

How to choose a sport for a child? Important recommendations

So, we have listed the benefits of the most popular sports. It is worth considering this information choosing a section for a child. But this is not enough. What else will help to make the right choice?

1. Do not lead where closer. Lead where the child will like. Often parents choose a section closer to home: if there is a swimming pool near the house, the child will go to the pool, if the skating rink, then he will be a skater, skater or skier. But this is the wrong approach, albeit a very convenient one.

You need to choose a sport with your child. If he is still small and does not know all kinds of sports, introduce him to them. Show pictures and videos from the Internet, tell the rules, explain how each of the sports is useful and interesting.

The child will surely express his wishes, and together you will decide where to go. If possible, you can choose two different classes: the one that the child preferred, and the one that is held close to home.

Having tried both there and there, the child will finally be determined - either he will stay in one place, or he will be engaged in both sports.

2. First - to the doctor. Before you take your child to a fitness center or pool, visit with him the doctor - pediatrician or a gymnastics physician. The doctor will tell you whether the chosen sports are suitable for your child.

If you have not yet decided on the choice, the doctor will help to do it. He will tell you exactly what classes your child needs most. And some may be contraindicated and harm.

Without consulting a doctor, do not rush to immerse the child in the world of sports.

3. Get to know the coach. The psychological atmosphere in which the child will be very important. Having written an application addressed to the director, do not rush to leave. Meet the coach, talk to him. Think about whether the child will be comfortable under the guidance of this person?

Attend, if possible, a pair or three of your child's first activities. Evaluate the trainer's methodology - is it suitable for your child? Feel free to ask questions and do not be afraid to “change horses at the crossing” - this is your child, and you must take care of his health and comfort. If the coach does not suit you, look for the same section elsewhere.

Do not tune your child to high achievements. The main thing is health and harmonious development. If everything goes well and the child will be interested in sports - he wants to achieve something.

The key word is “himself”.

If it is initially motivated by a big sport, it can cause a feeling of insecurity, fear of not coping and failing parents, not meeting their expectations.

In addition, difficult workouts at an early age may be fraught. Exhausted by training, many children, sooner or later, categorically refuse to sport. But those who were not forced, but gently motivated to practice for the sake of health, are addicted and continue to practice and keep in shape for the rest of their lives.

How to choose a sport for a teenager?
Juice therapy: fresh juices for immunity
Rules of healthy eating

Martial arts for children: what to choose?

The Japanese are lucky - they have karate classes are part of the school curriculum. It is more difficult for us - the flour of choice! So many different martial arts for children, it’s not easy to find out which one to choose for your child so that it brings him maximum benefit and, preferably, pleasure.

But before moving on to the classification of martial arts, you should answer the question: “Why do I want my child to be engaged in martial arts, and not football, or, say, synchronized swimming?” There are several reasons for which children's martial arts:

Harmonious sense of self. Any single combat will give your child confidence. He feels able to stand up for himself. A child does not spend strength on anxiety, learns better and gets along more easily with other children.

Physical development. The forerunner of real practice in any kind of martial arts is fundamental training: warm-up, stretching plus the right morale, which a good children's trainer knows how to take care of.

Safety care. Children will be helped by knowledge of certain techniques that are used in self-defense. This is important for both boys and girls. For the latter, by the way, especially. Only in fairy tales princes save princesses in dangerous situations. In reality, you should only rely on yourself.

So, let's go through the most popular martial arts.

Shock martial arts for children

Boxing - sports combat, in which athletes strike with fists in special gloves. Refers to the Olympic sports. Technique of boxing requires tremendous speed, endurance, willpower, courage, perseverance and health.

Kickboxing - Popular martial arts, began to develop in the 1960s. It is characterized by the shock technique of hands and feet. It has many rules and directions. Requires a good stretching of the muscles of the legs, speed, endurance.

Karate - Japanese martial art, in which many styles, both contact and contactless. In karate, a huge arsenal of combat stands, punches and kicks, blocks and complex coordination movements is used. Here you need to be well stretched, coordinated, disciplined. Since 2020, karate in the list of Olympic sports.

Taekwondo - Korean combat and sport martial arts system, is an Olympic sport. The peculiarity of this sport is a unique technique of kicks. One of the important qualities for a fighter of this style is speed and flexibility. This is a defensive technique, based primarily on speed, not on human strength.

Popular wrestling

Classical (Greco-Roman) and freestyle wrestling - Olympic sports. It uses various techniques, such as grabs, throws, sweeps, etc.

In freestyle wrestling, in contrast to the classic, allowed the capture of the opponent's legs, as well as the active use of the legs to perform any technique.

Flexibility and strength are the most important physical qualities in this kind of martial arts.

Aikido - This is a protection technique built on the interception of the attacker's hands. There are many advantages in aikido for children: a warm-up includes elements of self-massage and proper breathing. The main result of the practice of aikido for children is a high degree of coordination.

Judo - Japanese traditional martial art. In judo for children, any blows to the head and torso of the opponent are completely absent. The basic principle of judo is the ability to use the weight of the body and the strength of the opponent against him. Judo allows you to train strength of will and endurance.

Wushu - This is one of the most ancient systems of physical and spiritual perfection, it originated in China more than two thousand years ago. Wushu exercises, performed slowly, resemble recreational gymnastics, but each form of wushu has a combat use. Gymnastics in this type of martial arts gives a uniform load on all muscle groups.

Mixed martial arts for children

Such types of martial arts as hand-to-hand combat, Japanese Jiu-Jitsu belong to the group of mixed martial arts. These types of martial arts allow for various blows with all parts of the body and are characterized by an extensive fight against asphyxiation. Jiu-jitsu is more suitable for children (in Japanese “soft art”).

In the style of jiu-jitsu you can see the techniques of judo, aikido, karate. It is not surprising, because all these martial arts came from jujitsu. It is based on a combination of percussion and throwing techniques with a force on the joints. The purpose of the reception - to bring the offender out of balance, stop, and then apply pain or suffocation.

Naturally, in the classroom, children work out techniques using non-contact jujutsu.

Choosing martial arts for children by age

Choosing this or that martial art, you need to remember about the age features. It is necessary to start inculcating the love of sport and giving up children in the martial arts section at an early preschool age, from 3-4 years old.

Тогда рекомендуется отдать предпочтения таким единоборствам, как дзюдо, спортивное самбо, айкидо и ушу, так как на этих тренировках ребенок научится выполнять базовые акробатические элементы, правильно группироваться и не бояться падать.

In training, they begin to develop basic vital movements, such as walking, running, jumping, climbing, crawling, throwing, balance.

From preschool age (5-6 years) such types of wrestling as karate and taekwondo are relevant. At these classes, basic elements of martial arts techniques and OFP are given, flexibility, coordination and memory are developed.

From primary school age (7–9 years old), children are usually ready for more powerful types of wrestling, such as classical and free-style wrestling.

For children of secondary school age from 10–12 years old, percussion forms of martial arts are perfect: boxing, kickboxing, hand-to-hand combat, jiu-jitsu, as they have active contact and percussive work, and the guys are already more consciously approaching the learning process. Here endurance, power and speed abilities will be actively developed, techniques and coordination will be improved.

And then the temperament?

In the selection of suitable martial arts for the child in addition to age, it is necessary to take into account psychological characteristics. There are four basic psychological types, each of which is suitable for certain types of martial arts.

  • Child choleric. Worried, active, energetic, can show aggression and hot temper, a quick change of mood. Children of this type love to compete and can adapt to any sport. They are perfect boxing, kickboxing or Thai boxing, jiu-jitsu. The child must be properly motivated, otherwise he will quickly lose interest in the sport. Such guys need praise and support.
  • The child is melancholic. This type is the exact opposite of choleric. Melancholic people are often anxious, withdrawn, not self-confident, not very active, slow, rational. In this regard, you can offer a more relaxed, non-aggressive training, such as wushu, contactless karate and aikido. It is important that parents and teachers try not to criticize such children, encourage their initiative and success.
  • Child phlegmatic. Calm, confident, attentive. Does not often show emotions. Long gets used to the new environment. Such children need to be encouraged to act, to enthrall. They are suitable interesting forms of martial arts: karate, taekwondo, aikido, wushu.
  • Child sanguine. Cheerful, sociable, inclined to leadership, with a good memory. They easily get new acquaintances, adapt to an unknown situation. Their negative traits are carelessness, gullibility, lack of fear. Since such children sometimes lack perseverance, it is up to him to pay attention to parents and coaches. For these guys fit sports sambo, boxing, hand-to-hand combat.

A big difference

It is important that parents, giving the child in any kind of martial arts, understand that in fitness clubs and in sports schools a fundamentally different approach to training.

In schools, the whole life of a child is subordinated to the chosen sport: these are training five days a week, competitions, exams and fees. In the future - a sports career. Work on the result with the highest dedication and discipline. Sports schools are municipal and free, with their strict charter.

In the fitness club, everything is different. Here, children are engaged in paid subscriptions, are "customers". The priority of training is the development of physical qualities and improvement of the child's health, there is no “race for achievements”, but there is a comfortable schedule of classes.

If there is competition, it is only in the fitness network, outside the "big sport".

However, there is such an option: a child can be like a workout in a fitness club, get carried away with selected martial arts and, with some success, try to enter a sports school.

Alone or together

Of course, group training is the basis of martial arts. During classes, children, working in pairs, learn not to be afraid of their rivals, analyze the mistakes of others and prevent them themselves, adequately accept defeats and failures, respect their partners and rivals. Children develop a competitive spirit, increasing motivation.

However, personal training plays an important role. They focus on the improvement of martial arts techniques and combat tactics, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the student and work on improving or eliminating them, respectively.

In addition, there are situations when for a number of reasons (for example, difficult relationships with the team or unwillingness of parents to have a son or daughter engaged in a group), the child cannot or does not want to study in the section, but is also interested in martial arts.

The alternative is personal or split training (paired with a friend, brother, or even father).

If the children's trainer is a professional teacher, he will find an approach to any student.

He knows - if a child has a craving for classes, you need to be interested, not forced! Almost every preschooler, even the weakest and most non-aggressive, can choose the right martial art.

When a child knows that he can stand up for himself, he lives in peace with himself, and this is already the foundation of health in a broad sense.

Medical advice

When choosing martial arts for a child, you need to find out if this sport has any contraindications.

  • Wushu - the only kind of martial arts that fits all. The same exercises individually affect everyone, being at the same time methods of physical training and health improvement of the body.
  • Taekwondo can not deal with diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidney, musculoskeletal system.
  • Ju-Jitsu is contraindicated in any diseases of the musculoskeletal system and nervous system.
  • In karate, there are a lot of sharp movements, turns, jumps - this is contraindicated in any forms of scoliosis, eye diseases, arthritis and dysplastic syndrome.
  • Judo can not deal with children with pathology of the cervical spine, developmental anomalies, diseases of the joints, heart, kidneys, eyes.
  • Ju-Jitsu is contraindicated in any diseases of the musculoskeletal system and nervous system.

Council of Psychology

Anastasia Pakhomova, psychologist, specialist of the highest qualification category, Moscow

Martial arts, in addition to undoubtedly positive moments, can conceal some dangers. Children learn to compete and compete, not to act collectively.

There is a risk that the child in everyday life will begin to resolve issues with his fists, or, conversely, will become overly self-confident, underestimating the danger of the situation.

Possible injuries can reduce the child’s interest in classes, and those received before the exam or performance will negate all the physical and moral efforts to prepare for them.

What to consider when choosing?

So, what to look for when choosing a suitable sports section?

  1. One of the most important selection criteria is the state of health. In general, even in the presence of chronic and very serious diseases, physical exertion is not contraindicated, but they should be selected taking into account the existing restrictions. For example, in bronchial asthma, sports that imply increased activity, such as running, athletics, and tennis, are contraindicated. But it is quite possible to do weightlifting, wrestling and even swimming. In diseases of the musculoskeletal system, preference should be given to sports areas in which a large load will not fall on the joints. Before choosing a section, show your child to the pediatrician. It is also desirable to examine the baby to accurately identify the contraindications.
  2. Age is also very important. For example, for kids from three years, there are not many sections. In addition, at this age, the child is still not fully strengthened and probably not ready for the loads. But children from 4-5 years old are taken in a variety of sports, this period is considered the most appropriate.
  3. Weight. If the child is full, you should not think that active sports will help him to lose weight. On the contrary, obese children are usually clumsy, passive and sedentary, so it will be difficult for them to maintain the rhythm of training. In addition, the child will lag behind others, which may lead to the development of an inferiority complex.
  4. Growth. It is clear that a small child does not make sense to give to the basketball section.
  5. Temperament. If a child is active, impatient and very agile, then he will not be able to play sports that require high concentration of attention, constant training and the same exercises. But such a kid will definitely manifest itself in team sports, where such qualities are not only permissible, but also welcomed.
  6. Character. If a child has leadership qualities, and he is an individualist, then team sport will definitely not work. But single species will be more than appropriate. The child will be able to improve, strive for the ideal and achieve success.
  7. Hobbies and interests. Pay attention to what your child enjoys, what activities bring him pleasure. So, if he visits the sports grounds every day and practices at the horizontal bars, he will most likely be able to express himself in acrobatics or gymnastics. If his favorite game is salki (catch-up), then he can become a famous runner.
  8. Inclinations, abilities and talents. To identify them, you need to spend as much time with the child as possible. Go for a walk with him, talk more, offer different entertainment and activities. Talent can be revealed even in the process of games. For example, if a kid skillfully handles a ball, then he can probably become a basketball player, a volleyball player, or a soccer player.
  9. Desires of the child. But such a criterion relates, rather, to older children, since very young people often do not know what they like and have absolutely no idea about certain sports. So, the kid could see the performance of gymnasts on TV and be interested. But it’s not at all necessary that he himself will be happy to study. And in order to understand what the child really likes and succeeds in, it is possible to record it for trial lessons in different sections and follow the reaction.

What to choose?

There are a variety of sports sections for children. But how to choose what will suit and please the child? For this it is worthwhile to learn more about each of the most common sports.

  • Swimming. This is a versatile and very useful sport that strengthens the immune system and normalizes the work of all important systems. If you are worried that your daughter will lose her shape because of her workouts, then just don’t try to make her a professional athlete. Two workouts per week will suffice.
  • Gymnastics is more suitable for girls, as it improves body shape and posture, develops grace, flexibility and agility. But there is a risk of injury, it is worth remembering that.
  • Strength sports are perfect for a teenager. Accepted in such sections from about 8-10 years. Exercises increase endurance and strength, strengthen the body and spirit.
  • Fighting is, of course, more of a male sport that develops reaction, endurance, coordination of movements, strength, and even logical thinking.
  • Team sports (basketball, volleyball, football, and so on) help the child to go through social adaptation and learn to interact with people and work in a team, as well as train logical thinking and reaction.
  • Athletics will help improve the work of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, but this kind of sport is simply not interesting to most children.
  • Figure skating is considered a female sport, but men can also do it. It is beautiful, but incredibly difficult and very traumatic.
  • Skiing will undoubtedly improve health, but not all can do it fully and professionally, which is connected with the need for special climatic conditions and a rather high cost.
  • Tennis improves reaction, coordination of movements, and also develops the will to win. But such a sport can be called expensive.

How to choose a specific sports club?

If you choose a suitable sport, this is only half the battle, because it is important to choose a specific sports club. Here is what should be considered:

  • Location It is advisable to give preference to a club located not too far from home, otherwise the child will spend too much time on the road.
  • Pay special attention to choosing a coach. First, he must be an experienced professional, and second, he must be able to find an approach to his wards and motivate them.
  • Be sure to read the reviews of the institution, they can also be useful.
  • Status. So, if you are planning to make a real professional athlete out of a child, then choose a club that provides comprehensive training.

Good luck in choosing you and success to your baby!