Women's Tips

What pregnant can not eat

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


The prenatal development of the child depends on the nutrition of the pregnant woman. All the necessary substances the fetus receives from the blood of the mother, where they are delivered with food. One of the products that must be consumed during pregnancy is fruit. They contain almost the entire range of vitamins, trace elements and minerals necessary for the health of the future mother and her baby. Proper use of fruit can fill the shortage of substances without resorting to vitamin therapy with synthetic drugs.

Content:

  • Domestic fruits
  • Citrus
  • Exotic fruits
  • General recommendations
  • Table of nutrient content in fresh fruits and berries


Domestic fruits

Fruits for a pregnant woman will be useful for those that grow in the place of her residence. Although, if a woman has always consumed certain exotic fruits in food, during pregnancy they will not cause harm. The main thing is to take into account the content of nutrients and know the measure, because an excess of vitamins is harmful, as well as their lack.

Apples - a universal fruit during pregnancy. What are the beneficial substances make it indispensable for the future mother? Apples contain a record amount of iron needed during carrying a child. Anemia is very dangerous, as it causes oxygen starvation of the fetus.

Vitamin C contained in apples is necessary for maintaining immunity, which is also very important, because during pregnancy, especially in the early stages, the woman’s immunity weakens. Apple pits contain iodine, so it’s good to eat them with seeds: this will make up for iodine deficiency.

Apples normalize cholesterol levels in the blood, cleaning blood vessels and preventing the appearance of cholesterol plaques. Lightly boiled or baked apples are a good laxative that gently acts on the intestines and generally improves the digestive tract.

As with apples, pears contain enough iron, so they are recommended for dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness and other indirect signs of anemia. It contains a lot of fiber, which increases intestinal peristalsis, so you should not abuse pears, especially in the later periods. 1-2 pears a day is enough.

Potassium ions, necessary for the work of the heart, make pears indispensable for women who have had heart problems, because during pregnancy, the load on the organ is greatly increased. Doctors recommend eating pregnant women at least one pear a day, if they are tormented by edema and diuretic teas are prescribed. Thus, without drugs, you can maintain the level of potassium in the blood.

It has a choleretic effect, removes excess salt from the body, while the rich content of potassium does not harm the cardiovascular system. Due to its mild diuretic action, the plums cope with hypertension, and the presence of calcium makes them indispensable in the first half of pregnancy, when the infant’s bone system is laid. It contains pectic substances that contribute to the removal of radioactive elements.

All the nutrients contained in the plums are destroyed during boiling, so they are recommended to be eaten raw or poured with hot boiled water. When eating plums should follow the measures. Do not eat them daily in large quantities, as a pronounced laxative effect can cause uterine tone, which is especially dangerous in the later stages.

Citrus

They are characterized by a high content of vitamin C, which is necessary for strengthening the body, especially during the period of exacerbation of respiratory diseases. However, it is vitamin C that most often causes allergies. Therefore, oranges and tangerines should be eaten with great care. If it is difficult to manage without citrus fruits, then it is better to give preference to pomelo.

Contains a large amount of potassium and calcium, therefore it is useful to use during pregnancy throughout its length. A beneficial effect on the development of the circulatory and nervous systems, fetal bone tissue, normalizes the mother's blood pressure.

In the second half of pregnancy, pomelo is recommended as a prevention of late toxicosis, as it normalizes metabolic processes, breaks down fats, helping to maintain normal weight. Half pomelo, eaten every other day, is capable of removing toxins without harming the mother’s body and the future baby.

Pomelo, although it is available, but does not apply to grow in the place of residence. Acts on the body is not as aggressive as oranges and tangerines, but it should be used carefully, starting with a few cloves a day, not to abuse, limiting it to one. Fruit menu for pregnant should be varied.

Video: The benefits of pomelo for the body

Another citrus fruit that is allowed during pregnancy. It should also be used carefully, limited to a half in a few days. Grapefruit relieves nausea, so it is recommended for toxicosis. It contains a large amount of magnesium, which makes it useful in diseases of the cardiovascular system. With overvoltages, nervousness and stress overcoming in the first half of pregnancy, grapefruit improves mood. It burns fats well, therefore it is indicated in late periods, if there is a problem of fast weight gain.

Exotic fruits

Fruits brought from afar are usually kept for a long time. Long-term storage leads to the fact that some of the useful substances in the product disintegrate, so there will be little benefit from the overseas fruits. To keep them longer and do not spoil, they are treated with special compounds that can not be called useful, especially for the body of a pregnant woman. This fruit is very allergenic. Among other things, they are difficult to digest by the body, not accustomed to exotic. A person who has never tried, for example, papaya or passion fruit, simply has no enzymes to assimilate them.

If, however, the expectant mother really wants something exotic, which is often in the first trimester of pregnancy, then you need to buy fresh, only brought fruit, it is advisable to soak them before use, and then rinse thoroughly under running water.

This fruit is rarely already considered exotic, so familiar it has become for Russians. The body assimilates bananas well, as they are familiar to everyone from childhood. You can eat them during pregnancy without fear. However, bananas are very high in calories, so 1-2 of them a day will be enough. This is an excellent energy source that does not contain fat.

Beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels. It improves mood and normalizes pressure. The use of bananas reduces the risk of preeclampsia, as they remove excess fluid, without affecting the content of potassium and magnesium. In addition, the substances contained in the banana, make the skin supple, prevent the appearance of acne. In many pregnant women, an increase in the hormone progesterone level leads to greasiness of the skin and the appearance of acne.

However, in case of varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, eating bananas in large quantities is not recommended, as they contribute to blood thickening. With a quick weight gain from bananas, it is also better to give up in favor of less high-calorie fruits.

In persimmon a huge amount of vitamins and minerals that are important for the development of the fetus. Persimmon removes excess fluid, which is especially important in the last months of pregnancy. Helps strengthen the immune system. Strengthening effect on the heart muscle, a positive effect on the development of the vascular and nervous systems of the embryo. The high content of iodine helps prevent iodine deficiency, the consequences of which are detrimental to the mother's well-being and the fetal condition of the child.

A large amount of glucose contained in the persimmon, and high allergenicity makes reduce its use to 1-2 things a day. This is especially true for women with fast weight gain and diabetes. In addition, persimmon is known for its astringent properties, so moms who are prone to constipation, it is better not to use it. Constipation is extremely undesirable, as they lead to intoxication of the body.

The fruit is known for its antibacterial properties that can neutralize pathogens. It has a positive effect on the circulatory system, increases the level of iron, is an excellent prevention of anemia. Firming effect on muscle tissue, including the muscles of the uterus.

Pomegranate and pomegranate juice in large quantities can provoke constipation, increase the acidity of the stomach, which is undesirable in the later stages, when women are so often suffering from heartburn.

Able to relieve nausea, recommended for toxicosis. Quickly digested, relieves heartburn, reducing the acidity of the stomach. Removes toxins and reduces swelling, preventing their appearance. It has a high content of folic acid, mandatory when planning pregnancy and in the first trimester, up to the 12th week. 1-2 eaten fruit can normalize the work of the intestine, is useful for constipation.

Peach is a highly allergenic fruit, so it should be used with caution, in limited quantities. It is not recommended for endocrine diseases, problems with the biliary tract and the liver, as the disease worsens during pregnancy, the reaction may be unpredictable.

This fruit is brought to us from afar, so you only need to buy it if there is confidence in the quality of the fruit. However, fresh mango can be called a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. Contains vitamin E, which protects the fetus from adverse effects, regulates hormonal levels, and folic acid, which is mandatory when planning pregnancy and during the first trimester. Lack of folic acid increases the risk of fetal neural tube defects. 100 g of mango contains half the daily requirement of vitamin C.

A sufficient amount of beta carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the human body, makes mango useful for the development of the fetal lung, nervous, circulatory, and bone systems, as well as its eyes, kidneys, and heart. Vitamin A is important for the woman herself, as it helps the body recover from childbirth.

General recommendations

Fruits are useful because they supply a variety of necessary substances that are fairly easily absorbed by the body. They contain useful fiber, which contributes to the improvement of digestion, which is very important in the period of carrying a child. However, when consuming fruit, you should follow some recommendations:

  1. Fruit is better not to eat all together, and alternating them. So you can avoid the incompatibility of substances contained in different fruits, track the reaction of the body, if it occurs, to a particular fruit.
  2. It is necessary to eat fruit half an hour before meals. In the stomach, they digest quickly enough, the absorption of nutrients occurs already in the intestine. If you eat fruit after a meal, the time spent in the stomach increases, which leads to the breakdown of most nutrients. They themselves begin to wander during this time, resulting in bloating, flatulence and other unpleasant symptoms.
  3. Any fruit is a potential allergen, so during pregnancy it is worthwhile to introduce them into your diet carefully and gradually, tracking the reaction. The fact is that during the pregnancy the woman's body is completely rebuilt, the organs begin to work in a new way under the influence of the changed hormonal background. The reaction even to familiar products can be unpredictable.
  4. You can not eat fruits in large quantities, otherwise even on innocuous apples, a reaction may occur: allergies or various manifestations on the part of the digestive tract - bloating, constipation, indigestion, flatulence.

Fruits should not contain pesticides and nitrates. Of course, it can be quite difficult to track down, so you should protect yourself by peeling them. The peel contains a lot of vitamins and fiber, but it also accumulates the most harmful substances. Therefore, if there is no confidence in the ecological purity of the fruit, then it is better to clean the skin from them.

What is the right food?

A full-fledged food is, above all, the correct processing of products, as well as their maximum freshness. The priority task of a pregnant woman is to enrich your body with useful vitamins, fats, trace elements, carbohydrates, and acids. But the expectant mother needs to keep a balance in everything and not succumb to the moment's desire to eat something that can later have a negative impact on the condition of the fetus or the very future mother.

We are not talking about any diets. Just understand that not all foods are beneficial to the body of a pregnant woman. And the existence of some of them at the time should be forgotten altogether. So, what foods can not eat pregnant women?

Hidden danger

In the early stages of pregnancy it is unacceptable to eat foods that definitely cause irreparable harm to the fetus. In particular, alcohol, coffee (more than one cup per day) and synthetic food from fast foods, filled with ketchup and mayonnaise, washed down with a glass of coca-cola. This is exactly what it is absolutely impossible for pregnant women to eat, no matter how great the desire.

It is necessary to give preference to freshly prepared dishes, in which all the useful substances are stored, and the benefits to the organism of both the mother and the future baby will be obvious. It is necessary to limit your past habits and addictions to certain products. And ideally, completely forget about them during pregnancy. A woman can quite endure a peculiar food stress, because it is only about the benefits for her child.

Danger lurks future mother on the dinner table. In the list of what it is absolutely impossible for pregnant women to eat, honey, oranges and nuts are in the lead. These, of course, useful products for a person in the normal state, can provoke diathesis in a baby in the first months after birth.

Definitive "no" canned!

Sea or ocean fish is safer because it is not infected with worms, as many of its river relatives, and its use will be useful. But what can not eat pregnant women for sure, so it canned food. Deep-frozen foods may well be used in the diet of the expectant mother, since at low temperatures all the polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish are perfectly preserved.

Since we are discussing the topic “What pregnant women cannot eat,” we note that even the products needed during this period, due to some of their nutritional qualities, should be selected more carefully.

We exclude too fat fermented milk products

It is necessary to choose more carefully fermented milk products: cottage cheese and milk. These are absolutely necessary ingredients in the daily diet of a pregnant woman. If these dairy products are purchased "with hands", then you should give preference to your friends. So you can be confident in their safety and eliminate the likelihood of ingestion of an intestinal infection.

If dairy products come to the table directly from the store, then you should not worry about anything. As a rule, their production complies with all proper sanitary and hygienic standards. It should also be remembered that a decent difference in fat content of these products may affect the state of the pregnant. What she can not eat exactly is too fatty cottage cheese and sour cream, since they may well trigger digestive upset.

Sweetness - stop!

Sweet tooth during pregnancy will literally have a hard time. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates in the form of sweets, cakes, cakes can significantly increase the risk of diabetes. Immediately give up sweets not all the strength, especially when the body is under the influence of changeable mood. In addition, the occurrence of excess weight will complicate the already difficult situation of a pregnant woman. Replacing sweets with fruit is a great way to get glucose.

Black coffee

During pregnancy, doctors strongly recommend that at least temporarily stop drinking coffee. If not, then reduce the usual rate to 1 cup. This drink has a strong effect on blood pressure, raising the performance is much higher than the permissible norms, which negatively affects the state of both mother and baby. Coffee can be replaced with a cup of cocoa or a drink of chicory.

Pickles and pickles

Salty foods, in particular summer preparations, as well as everyday meals with an excess of this ingredient can cause fluid retention in the body of a pregnant woman. This threatens swelling of the legs or more formidable internal edema. Too much salt will cause unsatisfactory work of the kidneys, which are already under heavy stress during this period.

Spicy and fried dishes

Fried, smoked and spicy - these dishes should be completely excluded from the diet of a woman in position. Без вреда для здоровья беременной и ее будущего ребенка, а, скорее, с максимальной пользой для обоих, можно питаться отварной пищей или приготовленной на пару. Все полезные вещества в продуктах сохранятся, а печень и желчный пузырь не испытают чрезмерных нагрузок.

Жирные сорта мяса и рыбы

Количество употребляемого мяса, особенно жирной свинины, также следует держать под контролем, потому что белок, конечно, полезен, но в умеренных дозах.

Не нужно увлекаться приготовлением жирных сортов рыбы. К ним относятся тунец, сом, скумбрия, угорь, палтус, сайра, нельма. Эти сорта содержат слишком много жира.

Black tea and carbonated drinks

The restriction also applies to black teas. Their use is necessary during pregnancy to reduce, as they contain a lot of causine stimulating the nervous system, which can enhance the already unpleasant state of toxemia or provoke a heart rhythm disorder. Therefore, you should either switch to healthy green tea, or brew ordinary black long leaf teas that are not too strong.

For all 9 months of pregnancy, it is necessary to abandon soda, as well as beer, and energy drinks. Benefits for the body, they do not carry any, but the harm can cause quite substantial.

Snacks and sweets

As for various chips and crackers, jellied sweets, all this is included in the list of “What can't be eaten for pregnant women”. Remember that the presence of stabilizers, dyes, emulsifiers, acidity regulators in them just rolls over. And these are not at all those substances that are needed in a given period of a woman’s life.

Fruit during pregnancy

Not all fruits are useful future mother. What fruits can not eat pregnant and why?

His use in the food is not quite mature for the expectant mother is highly undesirable. A large amount of ascorbic acid present in its composition can cause miscarriage. It is also not recommended to drink pineapple juice. After all, it is impossible to be completely sure that only fully ripened fruits were used for cooking.

This tropical fruit, if it is not ripe enough, hides under its attractive appearance a terrible threat to a pregnant woman. Immature papaya can cause severe uterine contractions, as well as internal bleeding and, as a result, a miscarriage or the onset of preterm labor.

The use of a large number of fruits of grapes is also highly undesirable for a future woman in labor. Regardless of the type of berries in the intestines of pregnant women cause a strong gas formation. The high presence of sucrose and fructose in grapes contributes to the weight gain of women.

In order not to risk the life of the unborn child and protect themselves from undesirable consequences during pregnancy, it is better to exclude these dangerous fruits from your diet. Well, all the other representatives of the fruit world can and should be eaten only after having thoroughly washed them out before consumption.

We hope that you have received an exhaustive answer to the question: “What can't pregnant eat?”.

Why fruits and vegetables should be in the diet of pregnant?

In the first trimester of pregnancy, the systems and organs of the embryo are just beginning to form. It is during this period that women need a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Many say that the future mothers change their taste preferences in the early stages - this is how the body reports a lack of necessary elements.

In the second and third trimesters, an enhanced and balanced diet is necessary to maintain the health of the pregnant woman and provide the growing fetus with nutrients. In the middle of gestation, when the organs are already formed, the baby begins to grow actively. This is reflected in the general well-being of the future mother, she may have problems with the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, so she needs to follow a certain diet containing a large amount of vegetables in the diet.

What fruits are useful during pregnancy?

Each fruit — an apple, a plum, a pear, and even citrus fruits, which many mothers are afraid to use during pregnancy — is beneficial, and doctors advise using them in different quantities at different stages of carrying a child.

Apples and pears

It is believed that the fruits that grow in the area where the expectant mother lives, bring more benefits. In our country, these are apples and pears. The body is used to them, so you can not be afraid of allergies to new products.

What are useful apples and pears? First of all, a high content of iron, which is necessary for the formation of the hematopoietic system in the fetus, as well as for the prevention of anemia in a pregnant woman.

Apples contain large amounts of vitamin C, especially sour varieties. If you eat 2-3 pieces a day, you can increase immunity and not worry about the level of cholesterol. In addition, their presence in the diet helps digest heavy food.

Pears contain potassium, which is needed to complete the work of the heart muscle. As in apples, there is a large amount of fiber in them, so the fruits help with problems with the intestines, eliminate constipation, which is especially important in the second trimester of pregnancy. In the third trimester, fruits are better not to be eaten - they cause excessive gas formation.

Plums, apricots

Apricots, like apples, also contain a lot of iron. They should be eaten to prevent anemia. They stabilize the work of the stomach and heart. Apricots contain potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, from vitamins - ascorbic acid, carotene, bioflavonoids, nicotinamide.

Plum is primarily a good way to improve intestinal motility. It is worth eating at night a few pieces, and pregnant will get rid of constipation. Fruits also remove excess fluid and salt from the body, which is very important if a woman swells a lot and has a choleretic effect.

Often, because of toxicosis in a pregnant woman, her appetite disappears. To stimulate it, it is recommended to eat several plums in the morning.

However, there are contraindications. Do not eat a lot of these fruits to those who suffer from diabetes, obesity, rheumatism. Plums benefit raw, after heat treatment they lose their properties.

Bananas, Persimmon, Pomegranate

Are exotic fruits useful? Not everything is allowed to expectant mothers, but many of them are necessary for the full development of the baby and maintaining the woman’s health during gestation.

Bananas contain potassium, which is necessary for strengthening the blood vessels, normalizing blood pressure and, in general, for the complete work of the cardiovascular system. The daily rate of potassium is found in only two bananas.

During pregnancy, the mental and emotional state of a woman changes. She can not be nervous, but the level of anxiety unconsciously increased. Bananas are a natural antidepressant. They improve mood and promote the production of serotonin, help to cope with insomnia.

Persimmon increases immunity, increases the body's resistance to infections, removes excess fluid from the body, which is especially useful in the later stages of gestation. Also, the fruit helps to normalize the work of the heart, strengthens the nervous system, prevents the occurrence of thyroid disease. However, do not abuse persimmon - it is a strong allergen and, if it is consumed excessively, causes constipation.

Pomegranate is advised to those who have problems with the blood-forming system and anemia. It has a beneficial effect on the reproductive system of women and is especially useful before childbirth, as it contributes to quick and easy delivery.

Why fruits must be included in the diet of pregnant?

For the full development of the fetus, the future mother should daily receive not only a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also vitamins, as well as macro- and microelements. Of course, their deficiency can be filled with the help of various multivitamin complexes for pregnant and lactating women, which are sold in sufficient quantities at any pharmacy. But whether to resort to artificial additives, if at least some of the necessary substances can be obtained along with food.

It is fruits that are the main source of most vitamins, so their volume in the diet of a pregnant woman can be up to 500g per day (and even more in summer). The main thing is not to focus on one thing. By making your menu as diverse as possible, you can achieve a much greater effect and reduce the risk of allergies, which, unfortunately, can occur even in women who have never suffered before pregnancy. This is due to the fact that in the waiting period for the baby, the body of the future mother works completely differently, almost all processes, including hormones and the production of various enzymes, change.

In addition, fruit is a source of fiber (plant fiber), which has a positive effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and helps to eliminate toxins from the body. But it is important not to overdo it, as it may, on the contrary, contribute to the beginning of the process of fermentation in the intestine and increased gas formation, which is highly undesirable especially in late periods.

In addition, fruits are rich in fructose and sucrose, which are easily absorbed by the body and give the necessary energy, so they can be an excellent snack and a substitute for unwanted pastry and flour products.

What fruits are useful during pregnancy:

It is believed that the most useful habitual fruits that grow in the region where the expectant mother lives. They are much less likely to cause allergic reactions, are better absorbed by the body and are practically not handled by special means for transportation and longer shelf life. The ideal option is fruits and berries from your own garden and backyard, as you can be 100% sure of their quality.

- apples and pears

It is an excellent source of vitamin C, which is necessary for strengthening the immune system (which is always weak in pregnant women) and for the prevention of various colds. Also, apples and pears contain significant amounts of iron, the deficiency of which leads to anemia and, as a consequence, dizziness, weakness and increased fatigue.

Baked apples have a mild laxative effect, their bones contain iodine, which every pregnant woman, without exception, needs during the entire gestation period. The lack of this element causes malfunctions of the thyroid gland and hormonal disorders.

With regular use of pears, potassium ions enter the body, contributing to the proper functioning of the heart.

The optimal rate of consumption of 2-3 apples or pears per day.

- plums and apricots

Both of these fruits are a well-known natural remedy for the prevention of constipation and improvement of the bowels. In addition, they reduce the pressure, because due to the high content of potassium they contribute to the removal of excess fluid from the body (and thus help eliminate edema).

Plums and apricots also contain vitamins A, C, B1 and P, iron, iodine and magnesium, which are necessary for the proper development of the fetus, especially in the early stages.

Unlike apples and pears, which are recommended to be used in baked form, plums and apricots are best eaten fresh, when cooking stewed fruit, do not boil, but pour boiling water. This will keep the maximum amount of nutrients.

The optimal rate of use is 5-6 plums or apricots per day.

What foods can you eat during pregnancy?

The diet of a woman, in which the pregnancy runs smoothly, does not require special conditions. It must be, firstly, balanced, that is, meat, dairy products, plant food, etc., must be present in the right quantity, and secondly, devoid of obvious hazards such as chips, sausages of poor quality, carbonated drinks, etc.

Let's see what foods during pregnancy should form the basis of a balanced diet:

    Meat. This is primarily an irreplaceable source of protein, which is necessary for the growth and development of the fetus every day. However, when choosing a meat, the expectant mother should take into account that it is better to use its not too fat varieties in cooking. In addition, it is important to note that it is better to cook it in the oven, steamed or grilled. Ideally, avoid using spices.

Eggs. Separately, you need to say about the need for their presence in the diet of the future mother. Firstly, they contain the same protein, which is important for the growth of the fetus, and secondly, more than 10 useful vitamins and minerals, among them choline, which is very important for the development of the child’s brain. So if you don’t eat meat for ethical reasons, add at least eggs to your diet.

Milk products. Of course, they should occupy the most important place in the diet, since they are rich in calcium and iron, which are necessary for the development of the child’s bone skeleton, as well as healthy skin, hair and nails. In addition, it is, again, protein, vitamins of group B, important for the endurance and performance of the mother. It is especially worth noting B9 - folic acid, which is generally responsible for the proper development of the fetus without pathologies and the formation of its nervous system. However, choosing dairy products, you need to be very careful. It is best to buy fresh milk in the village and make from it yourself yogurt, cottage cheese, cheese.

Fish and seafood. They are rich in phosphorus and vitamin D, which is important primarily for the mother, he normalizes the nervous system and prevents the fragility of bones, which can develop against the background of "sucking" the fruit of the nutrients from the mother's body.

Cereals. Cereals are rich in minerals and many vitamins. They can and should be eaten in an interesting position. Also in the composition of cereals there is fiber, which improves digestion. This is very important, because during the period of pregnancy the gastrointestinal tract is already under increased stress, and facilitating the digestion of food is a very necessary and important step.

Legumes. For many, they cause increased gas formation and other problems with digestion due to the presence of enzyme inhibitors, but in general they are very useful, they contain a lot of iron, calcium and zinc, as well as vitamins B6 and B9. If you are one of those to whom legumes bring discomfort, you can eat them in germinated form, since during germination enzyme inhibitors are destroyed, and useful substances are preserved.

Vegetables and greens. Of course, vegetables and greens play a huge role in the diet of pregnant women. You can eat them both in fresh and thermally processed form, although, of course, in the first case they will bring more benefits. It should be noted that vegetable salads will retain their usefulness only if they are seasoned with good butter or sour cream, and mayonnaise is out of the question.

Fruits and berries. This is a great alternative to harmful sweets during pregnancy. They, like vegetables, can be eaten raw (but in this case, be sure to wash the fruits thoroughly) and make various smoothies from them, or you can, for example, bake in the oven, a very tasty dish - pears in honey.

The nuts. Any nut is a real storehouse of biologically active substances necessary for mother and fetus, so they will find a place in the diet of a pregnant woman, but do not forget that all nuts are high in calories, and therefore do not lean on them too much.

  • Oils. The same can be said about the oils - they are high in calories, but are necessary, first of all, to maintain the beauty of the pregnant woman, they contain healthy fats that nourish the skin and make the hair shine.

  • Special attention should be paid to products for hemoglobin during pregnancy. The fact is that pregnant women often suffer from anemia, and this is very dangerous, since it leads not only to permanently poor well-being of the expectant mother, but also the development of such a dangerous phenomenon as gestosis. It is characterized by a pathological course of pregnancy, premature birth and all sorts of complications at the time of birth.

    In addition, with a lack of hemoglobin in the mother, most likely, it will be low in the baby, which means low immunity, a tendency to allergies, a developmental lag.

    Thus, if you know that you have a predisposition to anemia, it is necessary to introduce foods that stimulate an increase in hemoglobin into the diet - these are, in general, all foods that are rich in iron.

    First of all these include:

      Meat products. Among the meat products are the leaders: chicken liver, pork and beef - iron in them 10-20 mg per 100 grams of product, as well as red meat of turkey and rabbit - here iron 3-5 mg per 100 grams.

    Seafood. Sea "reptiles" contain a loading dose of a necessary element - 25 mg per 100 grams.

    Groats. Buckwheat is leading here (7 mg / 100 grams), also a lot of iron in wheat and oatmeal (3.5 and 4.5 mg per 100 grams, respectively).

    Vegetables and greens. Spinach contains 3.7 mg / 100 grams of iron, in other vegetables and greens much less, about 1.5 mg / 100 grams.

    Legumes. The absolute leader is green lentils (11 mg / 100 grams), followed by red beans and peas (7 and 6 mg per 100 grams, respectively).

  • Fruits and berries. Viburnum and sea buckthorn (5 mg / 100 grams), grapes (4 mg / 100 grams), peaches, pears, apples (2 mg / 100 grams) are considered to be a rich source of iron among fruits and berries.

  • As you can see, the choice is wide, so that every woman can find a product that will not only be useful, but also bring her joy.

    Products during early pregnancy

    In the early stages, the probability of miscarriage and the development of toxicosis is high, in order to avoid such unpleasant events, it is extremely important to observe the rules of balanced food:

      30% in the diet should be fat, most of them should be taken from dairy products and nuts, as little as possible from meat.

    15% protein - and here just the main source should be meat, as well as fish and eggs, for women vegetarians - legumes.

  • 50% углеводы — в первую очередь это, конечно, сложные углеводы — различные крупы, цельнозерновой хлеб, несладкие овощи. Из простых углеводов можно позволить себе фрукты и мед.

  • Основное внимание следует уделить продуктам с максимальным содержанием следующих элементов:

      Фолиевая кислота - is responsible for the nervous system of the child, found in green vegetables, oranges, beans, carrots, dates, apples, peanuts, beets.

    Iron and calcium - help mom to maintain beauty and less tired. Most of them are in dried apricots, liver, buckwheat, greens, cheese, cottage cheese.

    Vitamin D - with its shortage, the probability of premature birth develops, so its sufficient amount in the body should be monitored for the entire pregnancy. Contained in large quantities in parsley, potatoes, vegetable oils.

    Vitamin B12 - helps remove toxins from the body, is present in green vegetables, seafood, liver.

    Zinc - prevents developmental problems, primarily reduced body weight. Pumpkin and sunflower seeds are rich in zinc, sea fish, rice, lentils, nuts, beans, onions.

  • Omega 3 acids - are responsible for the normal development of the brain. Most of them can be found in marine fish - trout, salmon, halibut, tuna and cod.

  • List of products during late pregnancy

    The potential dangers of the third trimester of pregnancy - late toxicosis (gestosis), edema, premature birth. In addition, during this period, the load on all internal organs, including the digestive tract, reaches its maximum level. In order to reduce the likelihood of the development of certain problems, it is necessary to make a number of special adjustments to the diet.

    Here are the products that should mainly be used in the ration of a pregnant woman during the last weeks of gestation:

      Beef and veal. This is the main meat product on your table, you can also afford chicken and turkey, but pork is best avoided. However, if you are well tolerated by this type of meat, you can eat it a couple of times a week.

    Salmon, chum salmon, hake, trout. These varieties of fish are well digested and carry a huge amount of beneficial fatty acids.

    Local fruits and vegetables. In the third trimester, it is necessary to abandon, as far as possible, from exotic vegetables and fruits that are not typical of our region, this will help avoid the child's susceptibility to allergies to them in the future.

    Kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt. In dairy products, emphasis should be placed on the sour milk; milk itself is excluded, since it can cause fermentation in the intestine.

  • Grain and Whole Grain Bread. Due to the high fiber content, these products will contribute to better digestion.

  • In addition, in the later periods it is especially important to monitor the sufficient amount of the following vitamins:

      Vitamin C - found in fruits, berries and vegetables,

    Vitamins of group B - nuts, cereals, vegetables, fruit,

    Vitamin H - is included in large quantities in the composition of cereals, dairy products,

    Vitamin K - found in vegetables and fruits,

  • Vitamin PP - it must be taken from fish and poultry.

  • And also minerals:

      Calcium and phosphorus - you need to look in the sour milk, nuts, vegetables,

    Magnesium - nuts, cereals, sea kale,

    Iron - found in buckwheat, nuts, spinach,

    Manganese - is present in large quantities in fruits, nuts, spinach,

    Iodine - they are rich in seafood,

    Copper - you need to take it from nuts and seafood,

  • Zinc - found in nuts (especially cedar) and cereals.

  • Based on this list, we can conclude that vegetables, fruits, cereals, nuts should form the basis of the nutrition of a woman in the third trimester. Also, periodically it is important to eat fish and meat. With regard to heat treatment, it is best to steam or bake.

    Diet during pregnancy

    So, now you can see that, in general, the future mom's proper diet consists of a variety of foods, and there are meat, fish, cereals, legumes, dairy products, vegetables, and fruits. By and large, we can say that such a diet should be guided by any person who is not indifferent to their own health.

    But, unfortunately, we are so accustomed to various hazards that a diet consisting of healthy products seems to be boring and not tasty, although, in fact, everything is possible, except for definitely harmful.

    Let's consider the approximate diet of the future mother:

      Breakfast. It is best to eat one of the following dishes: cereal with berries, fruits, nuts, muesli with natural yogurt and honey, cottage cheese casserole, scrambled eggs with vegetables.

    Snack. Fruits, nuts, yogurts, smoothies from the listed products, as well as vegetables, herbs and berries.

    Dinner. Light vegetable soup or soup made from chicken, rabbit, turkey broth. Baked / stewed / steamed meat or fish with a side dish of boiled potatoes, stewed vegetables with fresh salad.

    Snack. Freshly squeezed juice, toast with honey, cottage cheese casserole, small loaf with cheese, dry biscuits with milk, kefir, natural yogurt.

    Dinner. The ideal dinner will be meat or fish cooked in any way, just not fried in a pan, and a large portion of vegetable salad. If a salad is not enough for you a hearty meal, you can make it more nutritious with a handful of nuts, walnuts and cedar are especially good.

  • For the night. If you had dinner early and hunger broke out at night, try to quench it with a glass of kefir, you can add a “dry meal” with dry cheese biscuits.

  • This, as someone will surely see, too correct a diet can sometimes be diluted with cookies, buns, cupcakes, but these must necessarily be high-quality products, better prepared by yourself, and should not be abused.

    And, please, get rid of a common misconception - since I want it, the child wants it. Believe me, your baby hardly wants a noodles with sausage. Yes, it is possible that someone eats harm without consequences, but this does not mean that you are also lucky, so try to adhere to proper nutrition, because, after all, pregnancy does not last so long, and you will have to reap the benefits of your mistakes all life.

    The most useful products during pregnancy

    However, even when the first trimester and / or problems with hemoglobin are left behind, you should not forget about the right diet. Recall that even with a fully successful pregnancy, it must be balanced, and bad habits are excluded.

    Especially commendable to eat not only authorized products, but also recommended as the most useful, among them:

      Lean pork and beef. Both of these products contain choline, which is very important for the proper development of the baby’s brain. To date, there are already several studies that demonstrate the obvious relationship between the consumption of these types of meat with the child's intelligence.

    Properly cooked eggs. No need to risk and eat raw eggs or soft-boiled, it is best to cook them hard-boiled. In addition, do not consume more than 5 yolks a week, as they contain cholesterol.

    Oatmeal and buckwheat porridge. These cereals are extremely rich in composition, they contain selenium, sodium, potassium, B vitamins, as well as vitamin E and PP.

    Natural yoghurt, cottage cheese and hard cheese. These are the most necessary products from dairy in the diet of the future mother.

    Carrots, broccoli, avocado. Of course, all vegetables and herbs are extremely useful, but there are also those in which in greater concentration all the vitamins, minerals and amino acids necessary for the mother and future baby are present. First, these are all red and orange vegetables, especially carrots, as well as broccoli and avocado.

    Spinach. But it can rightly be called the most useful greens, and not only for pregnant women, but for all people.

    Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry. These berries will not only lift your spirits, but will also have an important beneficial effect on the organism of the mother and the child. Although, of course, you need to understand that in the off-season there is much less benefit to them.

    Mango. The importance of this product for pregnant women is very high. However, any seasonal local fruit will be preferable to the exotic. If both apples and mangoes are grown "artificially", it is better to choose the latter.

    Walnut. All nuts are extremely useful, but special attention should be paid to walnuts, which are extremely important for proper brain development.

  • Olive oil. During pregnancy, it is desirable to abandon the available sunflower oil and replace it with olive oil, cold pressed.

  • What products can be during pregnancy - see the video:

    Dried fruits

    Cooked in compote, just soaked, mixed with nuts - dried fruit will be useful in any form. They will help ...

    • In the digestive tract.
    • With constipation.
    • With a tendency to thrombosis and arrhythmias.
    • With colds and as a diuretic.
    • Dates and figs are most useful during pregnancy.

    Almost perfect during pregnancy fruit. Cautions concern only individual intolerance and use in moderation. In the rest - continuous benefit to mom and future crumbs. Enough to eat one half of the fruit in the morning and in the evening (preferably on an empty stomach).
    What is the use?

    • Relieving nervousness / depression (huge amounts of magnesium).
    • Reduced risk of miscarriage.
    • Prevention of constipation.
    • Mitigation of toxic symptoms.

    What fruits are not recommended to eat during pregnancy?

    • Promotes weight gain. And, mostly, the baby.
    • In the later periods it is prohibited because of the property - to stimulate the growth of the fetus.
    • It causes fermentation in the intestines and increased gas formation.
    • Increases body temperature.
    • Increases the risk of preterm labor due to bowel pressure in the uterus.

    Can all fruits be eaten during pregnancy?

    Of course, if you want and if you use in moderation, then you can eat almost all fruits during pregnancy. The main thing is to monitor your condition so that there is no allergy and unpleasant consequences in the gastrointestinal tract. Indeed, during the period of pregnancy in the body there is a global hormonal restructuring, and the usual favorite food can provoke unpleasant consequences and poor health. Therefore, you need to listen to your inner feelings.

    But what kind of fruit will be useful during pregnancy? Now, unfortunately, a lot of children are born with food allergies, and this is influenced not only by the ecology, artificial vitamins, but also nutrition during pregnancy. We are genetically inherent predisposition to a certain food that surrounds us from birth, and to which we are accustomed. From this it is necessary to conclude that the most useful fruits for pregnant women are domestic.

    In their favor it is worth saying that they are at least treated with pesticides, since they do not need to be transported for a long time, collected unripe, so that they do not deteriorate. And many domestic fruits get not from the store, but immediately from the tree in the country or in the village.

    What fruits are needed during pregnancy

    When describing the most popular fruits, the following conclusions can be made: future mothers should choose those fruits that are able to prevent her temporary indisposition and affect her well-being in the best possible way.

    Fruits are most useful for swelling - pears, plums, bananas, persimmon, pomegranates and peaches. They all remove excess fluid from the body.

    Citrus fruits, apples, pears and pomegranates protect the immune system.

    They improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract and help with constipation: baked apples, pears, plums, grapefruit, pomelo and peaches.

    Normalize the pressure of plums, bananas, pomelo, and with anemia pomegranate, apples and pears are useful.

    Peaches and grapefruit help to cope with toxemia.

    Apple bones and persimmon will help to fill the missing iodine.

    First trimester

    In the first trimester of pregnancy, fruits are especially necessary. All important organs and systems of the baby are recreated during this period, so the body of a pregnant woman just needs to eat fruits with a high content of vitamins and minerals. In this trimester, folic acid plays an especially important role, which helps in the formation of the nervous system of the fetus and other organs. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to peaches and melons, but during their ripening, and not imported with nitrates. In addition to folic acid peaches perfectly cope with heartburn and toxemia.

    We remember the need for this period of apples and apricots, rich in iron, and normalizing the work of the intestine. Apricots contain a lot of beta-carotene, which is considered a strong antioxidant. Baked apples have a beneficial effect on the body and will also be useful in the first trimester.

    Second trimester

    In the second trimester of pregnancy, all the organs of the fetus are already formed and begin to actively grow and develop. Now the expectant mother needs more calories, but you should not forget about fruits. During this period, plums, pears and pomegranates will be helpful. They will help to improve the work of digestion, raise your mood, appetite and normalize the work of the cardiovascular system.

    Third trimester

    The final third trimester of pregnancy is not so easy. The uterus puts pressure on all organs, including the stomach. Eating a whole fruit can cause heaviness and heartburn. Therefore, in the third trimester do not forget to eat a little bit, but often. The best fruits in this period will be baked apples, so as not to cause heartburn, apricot, persimmon and figs. And also their dried fruits. They will help to cope with heartburn, edema. They are rich in vitamins, potassium, iron and iodine.

    What fruits are not recommended to eat and why?

    Not all fruits and berries are useful for the future mother and baby. Some fruits are strictly forbidden:

    1. Grapes All varieties cause increased fermentation in the intestine and, as a result, excessive gas formation. In addition, grapes can cause premature labor, and the content of sucrose and fructose contributes to weight gain and excessive growth of the fetus.
    2. Strawberry. Berry is the strongest allergen. It is contraindicated for future mothers, because a child can be born with strawberry allergy and a tendency to diathesis. In addition, oxalic acid in its composition leaches calcium from the body. This is especially harmful in the 2nd trimester, when the fetus is growing vigorously.
    3. A pineapple. This exotic fruit is forbidden to eat throughout the entire period of pregnancy. It provokes the threat of miscarriage, raises the tone of the uterus, especially up to 13 weeks.
    4. Papaya. Stimulates uterine contraction, causes hypertonia. In the early stages, this leads to spontaneous abortion, and in the later periods to premature labor.

    Vegetables during pregnancy: what is useful?

    The most useful vegetables during pregnancy:

    1. Carrot. According to the benefits to the body, doctors put it in the first place, because carrots are necessary for the proper formation of the internal organs of the embryo. The composition includes many vitamins: carotene, ascorbic acid, tocopherol, phylloquinone, nicotinamide.
    2. Spinach. The main element contained in spinach is folic acid. Without a sufficient amount of this vitamin in the fetus, congenital anomalies in development are observed. In addition to spinach, the same amount of vitamin B9 contains asparagus.
    3. Bulgarian pepper. Sweet pepper is needed to strengthen the immune system, the walls of blood vessels, the development of the musculoskeletal system.
    4. Cabbage is as useful as carrots. It contains folic acid, retinol, tocopherol, ascorbic acid, iron and potassium. Especially useful is sauerkraut, and choosing among different varieties, it is best to give preference to broccoli.
    5. Tomatoes. This vegetable contains a lot of iron and vitamin C.
    6. Cucumbers. Potassium is a part, therefore the use of a vegetable promotes decrease in arterial pressure, thereby normalizing the work of the heart. Used for the prevention of hemorrhoids, constipation, helps with dehydration.

    Useful recommendations when choosing fruits and vegetables for pregnant women

    How to choose vegetables, fruits and berries? A few recommendations:

    • it is best to opt for local fruits, they are more beneficial to the body and less allergenic,
    • need to buy seasonal fruits, they contain the least amount of pesticides and nitrates,
    • fruits and vegetables should be eaten thoroughly washed, otherwise you can become infected with E. coli and helminths,
    • when buying it is worth paying attention to the appearance of the fruit - they should be ripe, not rotten, not beaten, but at the same time, “wax” fruits should be avoided.

    The main principle of nutrition that a pregnant woman must abide by is a measure. Any products in excessive quantities cause harm instead of benefit.

    Pin
    Send
    Share
    Send
    Send

    lehighvalleylittleones-com